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HONDURAS




EUA – Associated Press (e The New York Times)

One Side Makes Offer in Honduran Impasse

TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras (AP) — Roberto Micheletti, the interim leader of Honduras, said Wednesday that he was willing to step down to help end the country’s political crisis, but only if the ousted president, Manuel Zelaya, was prevented from regaining power.


Mr. Micheletti, a former congressional leader who was selected by lawmakers to serve out the final six months of Mr. Zelaya’s term, presented the offer as a way to end a nearly three-week standoff over the military-backed coup in Honduras. At the same time, he also accused unidentified people of handing out weapons and planning an armed rebellion.
The interim president said he was willing to leave office “if at some point that decision is needed to bring peace and tranquillity to the country, but without the return, and I stress this, of former President Zelaya.”
The offer was presented by a Honduran delegation to the Organization of American States, Mr. Micheletti told reporters in Tegucigalpa. It was unclear if the organization, based in Washington, had received the proposal.
Mr. Zelaya was not available for comment, but the offer appeared unlikely to resolve the standoff that began with the coup on June 28. Soldiers seized Mr. Zelaya in his home at gunpoint and put him on an airplane to Costa Rica. Talks on ending the crisis are expected to resume Saturday in Costa Rica.
If Mr. Micheletti resigned, under Honduran law the presidency would pass to the Supreme Court president, Jorge Rivera. The Supreme Court supported the coup, as did the Honduran Congress.
Mr. Zelaya has said that he intends to return as president, and he insists that this is not open to negotiation. On Tuesday, he said Hondurans had a right to stage an insurrection against Mr. Micheletti’s internationally isolated interim government.
Asked Wednesday about the possibility of an armed rebellion, Mr. Micheletti said: “I don’t think we will get to that point. Our country is peaceful. I don’t believe Hondurans will pick up arms to kill other Hondurans.”
But he contended that some people were trying to foment a rebellion. “This morning we were informed that they were handing out some guns,” Mr. Micheletti said, without specifying to whom he was referring.
Mr. Micheletti, a member of Mr. Zelaya’s own political party, was named by Congress to serve out the presidential term. Mr. Zelaya was accused of violating Honduran law by ignoring the courts and Congress when he moved ahead with plans for a constitutional referendum that many Hondurans viewed as a power grab. Mr. Zelaya has denied that he was seeking to change the Constitution so he could serve another term.
Mr. Micheletti has threatened to jail Mr. Zelaya, a wealthy rancher who shifted to the left after his election, if he returns to Honduras.
Demonstrations for Mr. Zelaya’s return continued in Tegucigalpa on Wednesday, and his supporters called for labor strikes.
A labor leader, Israel Salinas, one of the main figures in the pro-Zelaya movement, told thousands of demonstrators who marched through Tegucigalpa, the capital, that workers at state-owned companies planned to walk out later this week.
He said protest organizers were talking with union leaders at private companies to see whether they could mount a general strike against Mr. Micheletti.
President Óscar Arias of Costa Rica is mediating talks aimed at resolving the impasse, but Mr. Zelaya has grown frustrated by the lack of progress.
Two rounds of negotiations have failed to produce a breakthrough. Mr. Arias, who won the 1987 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts in ending Central America’s wars, has urged Mr. Zelaya to “be patient.”

Reino Unido - Agência BBC

Micheletti admite renúncia desde que Zelaya não retorne ao poder

O líder interino de Honduras, Roberto Micheletti, admitiu, nesta quarta-feira, renunciar ao cargo desde que o presidente deposto, Manuel Zelaya, não retorne ao poder.


Segundo Micheletti, ele renunciaria caso essa medida seja necessária para “trazer a paz e a ordem de volta ao país”.
"Se em algum momento a decisão favorecer a paz e a tranquilidade no país, sem o retorno, que conste, sem o retorno do ex-presidente Zelaya, estou disposto a fazê-lo", disse Micheletti a jornalistas em Tegucigalpa.
Micheletti foi designado como líder do governo interino pelo Congresso Nacional após a deposição de Zelaya, em 28 de junho.
Diálogo
No sábado, representantes do governo interino e do presidente deposto devem se reunir com mediadores em San Juan, na Costa Rica.
O presidente costarriquenho, Oscar Arias, que lidera as mediações, convocou a nova reunião na terça-feira e pediu a Zelaya “paciência” nas negociações para tentar solucionar a crise política no país.
Na segunda-feira, Zelaya deu um ultimato ao governo interino e afirmou que, caso não retornasse ao poder depois da próxima reunião com mediadores, iria “tomar outras medidas”.
Zelaya, que se encontra na Nicarágua, tentou voltar a Honduras na semana após a deposição, mas foi impedido pelo governo interino, que ordenou que veículos militares bloqueassem a pista do aeroporto.
A crise política em Honduras começou depois que Manuel Zelaya tentou realizar um referendo para perguntar à população se apoiava mudanças na constituição.
A oposição diz que isso teria levado à remoção do atual limite de um mandato para o presidente e teria aberto caminho para uma possível reeleição de Zelaya.

França - Le Monde

Honduras : le gouvernement intérimaire décrète un couvre-feu

Le gouvernement intérimaire mis sur pied au Honduras après le coup d'Etat du 28 juin a décrété mercredi un nouveau couvre-feu de minuit à 5 heures, après l'appel à manifester lancé par les partisans du président renversé, Manuel Zelaya. "Etant donné les menaces brandies ouvertement par des mouvements qui cherchent à semer le trouble et le désordre (...) et afin de protéger la population et ses biens, le gouvernement a décidé d'imposer un couvre-feu à partir de minuit", annonce la présidence dans un communiqué lu à la télévision publique.


Rafael Allegria, qui pris la tête de la contestation après le coup d'Etat, avait promis un peu plus tôt de bloquer les accès à Tegucigalpa, jeudi et vendredi, pour réclamer le rétablissement de Manuel Zelaya dans ses fonctions, avant la reprise, prévue samedi, des négociations entamées sous l'égide du Costa Rica.
Le président déchu, a-t-il déclaré, "a appelé le peuple hondurien à la mobilisation et le peuple répond". "Nous appelons au rétablissement urgent des institutions, de la Constitution et du président Zelaya", a-t-il ajouté. Roberto Micheletti, que le Congrès a nommé à la présidence après le putsch, a quant à lui à nouveau proposé de renoncer à ses fonctions "au nom de la paix, mais seulement à condition que Zelaya ne revienne pas".
L'intéressé a lancé lundi un ultimatum au gouvernement intérimaire. "Si, au plus tard à la prochaine réunion, cette semaine à San José, au Costa Rica, ils n'ont pas appliqué les résolutions, alors je considèrerai cette médiation comme un échec", a-t-il prévenu sans plus de détails, évoquant les textes en faveur de sa réintégration adoptés par l'ONU et par l'Organisation des Etats américains.


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