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Reino Unido - Agência Reuters

Brasil vê Rússia cedendo em carne suína e aguarda acesso à China

O Brasil avalia que a Rússia está mais disposta a ceder cotas de importação de carne suína e também prevê que a China poderá permitir o acesso do produto nacional a partir do ano que vem, disse o ministro da Agricultura, Reinhold Stephanes, nesta quarta-feira.


O país, quarto exportador mundial de carne suína, tem na Rússia o seu principal mercado. Apesar disso, os russos ainda não oferecem cotas livres de tarifas de importação exclusivamente para os brasileiros. O Brasil é enquadrado como "outros" no sistema de cotas russo.
"A Rússia está dando sinais de que está querendo rever as cotas", afirmou Stephanes a jornalistas, durante um churrasco de carne suína na sede da Embrapa, evento que marca a posse do novo presidente da empresa de pesquisa nacional, o pesquisador Pedro Arraes.
Stephanes, que esteve recentemente na Rússia, afirmou que o governo brasileiro entregou uma carta a autoridades russas reivindicando melhores condições para o Brasil exportar o produto.
Segundo ele, o Brasil condiciona seu apoio final à entrada dos russos na Organização Mundial do Comércio (OMC) à obtenção de melhor acesso naquele mercado.
O ministro ressaltou que o estabelecimento de uma cota para a carne brasileira é uma questão política, e não técnica.
O Brasil exportou para a Rússia no primeiro semestre deste ano 137,5 mil toneladas de carne suína, ante 115,8 mil toneladas no mesmo período do ano passado, segundo a Abipecs, que representa os exportadores brasileiros.
Para todos os destinos, incluindo a Rússia, as exportações do Brasil atingiram no semestre 294,4 mil toneladas, alta de 8,7 por cento ante 2008.
Apesar de as exportações estarem em crescimento, Stephanes observou que há aparentemente um problema de "sobreoferta e demanda mais fraca" no mercado interno, depois de os produtores de suínos terem aumentado a produção.
Ele negou, entretanto, que o mercado interno esteja mais fraco em função dos casos de gripe H1N1, inicialmente conhecida como gripe suína.
O ministro ressaltou que a indústria precisa melhorar os tipos de cortes oferecidos no mercado interno, para ganhar mais consumidores.
"O problema não é esse (a gripe)", disse. "A gripe não teve influência no consumo... Queremos mostrar para o consumidor brasileiro... Um churrasco de carne suína é uma coisa maravilhosa."
CHINA

Uma outra opção para o Brasil ganhar mais consumidores para sua carne é a abertura do mercado chinês, que segundo o ministro ficou mais próxima após a visita do presidente Lula à China.


Stephanes disse que a China "sinalizou a abertura para o próximo ano do mercado de carne suína".
"A China deixou claro para nós que tem interesse em avançar, mas fica para o próximo ano".


Reino Unido - Agência Reuters

Renault aims to double market share in Brazil

Rodrigo Viga Gaier


Renault-Nissan must double its market share in Brazil to at least 10 percent to stay competitive and fend off rivals in Latin America's largest economy, Chief Executive Carlos Ghosn said on Wednesday.
The automaker needs to add new models to foster growth in a market that sells about 3 million units a year, Ghosn told journalists. He added, current models are "incompatible with a 10 percent to 20 percent market share," which the company wants to attain.
Renault controls 5 percent of the Brazilian market for family vehicles, which has boomed this year after a series of government tax breaks that were aimed at helping industrial production emerge from its worst downturn in more than a decade.
"The next step (for Renault-Nissan) is to reach 10 percent, so we can be competitive," said Ghosn, who was attending a conference at the Brazil-France Commercial Chamber. "There is no reason for us to have 5 percent" market share in Brazil, he added.
As part of the efforts to revamp the automaker's operations in Brazil, Ghosn said the company would try to produce more flex-fueled commercial vehicles. Brazil has more than half its car fleet capable to running on gas or ethanol.
Renault-Nissan ranked sixth in Brazil's auto market in June, with sales of cars and light vehicles of 12,972 units, an 18.6 percent growth from the same month of 2008.
French rival Peugeot-Citroen was in fifth place, with 15.325 units. market leader Fiat sold 70,645 vehicles in June, almost six times more than Renault-Nissan.
The company is gauging more Brazilian investments in the medium-term, Ghosn said.
He also predicted that the world would recover from international financial crisis between 2011 and 2012.

Reino Unido - Agência BBC

GM plans $1bn Brazilian expansion

General Motors says it is to invest more than $1bn (£608m) to develop two new car models in Brazil despite woes at the company's US headquarters.


GM says the planned investment should create about 1,000 jobs.
A government tax break which cut the cost of new vehicles in Brazil, led to GM seeing record sales in the country.
The expansion comes as GM emerges from bankruptcy proceedings as a private company which is majority owned by the US government.
However, GM in Brazil is financially independent of the US company - and it has been keen to stress that there will be no dependence on products from the United States.
Half of the investment will come from the company itself, and the rest will come form loans form state-run banks, says the BBC's Gary Duffy in Sao Paulo.
Brazilian motorists bought more new cars in June than ever before, making the country one of the few bright spots for the industry worldwide.
"Car manufacturers here are even suggesting 2009 could be their best year in history but they may have to work harder to maintain that outlook when the government eventually removes its tax break which it has now extended on two occasions," our correspondent said.
Reputation ruined
Detroit-based General Motors (GM), once the world's largest carmaker, it has sold its best assets to a "new GM", in which the US government is the largest shareholder.
Spurred on by the Obama administration's support, the process to get out of bankruptcy proceedings took just 40 days, and it is hoped that GM will now be on a path towards a profitable future.
The "new GM" is a leaner, smaller company, having shed tens of thousands of workers, eliminated or sold brands, closed scores of factories, and rewritten its employment contracts to cut costs.
It has also had some of its massive debts, racked up during four straight years of losses, removed.
It will operate the best parts of the old company, including its Chevrolet, Cadillac, Buick and GMC brands.
The US government has a 60.8% stake in the new company, while Canada and a United Auto Workers union retiree healthcare trust fund also have a stake.
The "old GM" will retain a 10% stake - this is to allow creditors to recover some of their losses.
However analysts say it could be some time before it is able to sell enough vehicles to make a profit, and it must work on repairing its battered reputation.





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