Earth Science Chapter 24-25-26 Notes Modified True/False



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Earth Science Chapter 24-25-26 Notes
Modified True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true.
____ 1. Renewable resources can be used indefinitely. _________________________
____ 2. Most freshwater is used to irrigate crops. _________________________
____ 3. The major water problem in the eastern United States is too little precipitation. _________________________
____ 4. Two thousand years ago, Romans built dams to transport water over distances. _________________________
____ 5. Environmental factors that limit population growth, such as floods and pollution, are density-independent factors. _________________________
____ 6. The Clean Water Act is the main law that ensures that all Americans have access to safe drinking water. _________________________
____ 7. As long as the number of reproducing adults in a population continues to increase, the population as a whole is in a state of density. _________________________
____ 8. Carrying capacity is the number of organisms a given environment can support. _________________________
____ 9. Many scientists believe that human production of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide is largely responsible for the phenomenon of ozone depletion. _________________________
____ 10. Acid precipitation is precipitation with a pH less than 5.0. _________________________
Completion

Complete each statement.
1. On Earth, _________________________ include(s) air, water, land, all living things, the soil, and crust.
2. A process of management called _________________________ ensures the replacement of renewable resources at the same rate they are consumed.
3. Loss of topsoil leads to ____________________ in arid and semiarid regions.
4. Excess nitrogen and sulfur cause ____________________ when they occur in large quantities.
5. Some countries use ____________________ to create freshwater from ocean water.
6. Most geologists hypothesize that oil formed from organic material deposited in ____________________.
7. Biomass energy sources are derived from ____________________.
8. When a people eat cereal, they are consuming energy stored by ____________________.
9. Materials like wood and coal are ____________________ which are burned to produce heat or power.
10. Energy sources known as _________________________ formed over thousands or millions of years from the compression and decomposition of organic matter.
11. The use of energy resources in ways that are productive is known as _________________________.
12. A common method of ____________________ is capturing and using heat during electric generation.
13. Sunlight falling on a(n) _________________________ produces a flow of electrons, which creates an electric current.
14. On a global scale, _________________________ meets current and future energy needs without damaging Earth’s environment.
Matching
Match each item with the correct statement below.

a.

freshwater

d.

trickle irrigation

b.

transport of surface water

e.

placer deposit

c.

nitrogen

____ 1. Gas that makes up most of the atmosphere


____ 2. Sand and gravel bars that contain heavy sediments, such as gold dust and gold nuggets
____ 3. Three percent of Earth’s water
____ 4. System of perforated pipes used to provide water directly to plant roots
____ 5. Bringing water from areas of plenty to areas of need
Match each item with its correct description below.

a.

acid rain

c.

particulate matter

b.

ground-level ozone

d.

smog

____ 6. Molecule made of three oxygen atoms that forms when air pollutants such as hydrocarbons are exposed to sunlight


____ 7. Precipitation with a pH less than 5.0 that forms when sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides from burning fossil fuels combine with moisture in the air
____ 8. Yellow-brown haze caused by chemical reaction of sunlight on hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides from auto exhaust systems
____ 9. Small, solid particles of materials such as ash, dust, pollen, and asbestos
Earth Science Chapter 24-25-26 Test

Answer Section
MODIFIED TRUE/FALSE
1. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 1|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.1 | B.5 | C.4 | C.5 | D.1 | D.2 | F.3


2. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 1|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.2 | B.2 | C.4 | C.5 | D.1 | D.2 | G.3


3. ANS: F, western

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 1|DOK 1 NAT: UCP.2 | C.5 | D.2 | F.3 | F.4


4. ANS: F, aqueducts

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 1|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.2 | D.1 | D.2 | F.3 | F.4 | F.6 | G.3
5. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.2 | C.4 | C.5 | F.2 | F.3 STA: B-6.2 | B-6.6


6. ANS: F, Safe Drinking Water Act

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 1|DOK 1 NAT: UCP.2 | D.1 | D.2 | F.3 | F.4 | F.6

STA: B-6.6
7. ANS: F, exponential growth

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1 NAT: UCP.3 | UCP.4 | C.4 | C.5 | F.2

STA: B-6.6
8. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 1|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.4 | C.4 | C.5 | F.2 STA: B-6.6


9. ANS: F, global warming

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1 NAT: UCP.2 | A.1 | C.5 | D.1 | F.4

STA: ES-4.7 | B-6.6
10. ANS: T PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 1|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.2 | A.1 | B.3 | C.4 | D.1 | F.4 STA: B-6.6


COMPLETION
1. ANS: natural resources

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.1 | B.5 | C.4 | C.5 | D.1 | D.2 | F.3
2. ANS: sustainable yield

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.1 | B.5 | C.4 | C.5 | D.1 | D.2 | F.3
3. ANS: desertification

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1 NAT: UCP.2 | F.3 | F.4 | F.6


4. ANS: air pollution

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1 NAT: UCP.2 | C.5 | D.2 | F.3 | F.4


5. ANS: desalination

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 1|DOK 1 NAT: UCP.2 | C.5 | D.2 | F.3 | F.4


6. ANS: shallow seas

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 1|DOK 1 NAT: UCP.2 | B.5 | C.5 | D.1 | D.3 | F.3


7. ANS: living things

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 1|DOK 1 NAT: UCP.1 | B.3 | C.5 | D.1 | D.3 | F.3


8. ANS: plants

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 1|DOK 1 NAT: UCP.3 | B.5 | C.5 | D.1


9. ANS: fuels

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 1|DOK 1 NAT: UCP.1 | B.3 | C.5 | D.1 | D.3 | F.3


10. ANS: fossil fuels

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 1|DOK 1 NAT: UCP.2 | B.5 | C.5 | D.1 | D.3 | F.3


11. ANS: energy efficiency

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1 NAT: UCP.2 | UCP.3 | F.3 | F.4 | F.6


12. ANS: cogeneration

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 1|DOK 1 NAT: UCP.2 | F.3 | F.6


13. ANS: photovoltaic cell

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.1 | B.1 | B.5 | C.5 | D.1 | D.2 | F.3
14. ANS: sustainable energy

PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1 NAT: UCP.2 | UCP.3 | F.3 | F.4 | F.6


MATCHING
1. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.1 | C.4 | C.5 | D.1 | F.3


2. ANS: E PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.2 | C.4 | C.5 | F.3


3. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.2 | B.2 | C.4 | C.5 | D.1 | D.2 | G.3


4. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.2 | B.2 | C.4 | C.5 | D.1 | D.2 | G.3


5. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.2 | B.2 | C.4 | C.5 | D.1 | D.2 | G.3


6. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 3|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.1 | C.4 | F.3 | F.4 | F.6 STA: B-6.6


7. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.2 | A.1 | B.3 | C.4 | D.1 | F.4 STA: B-6.6


8. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.1 | C.4 | F.3 | F.4 | F.6 STA: ES-4.7 | B-6.6


9. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Bloom's Level 2|DOK 1

NAT: UCP.1 | C.4 | F.3 | F.4 | F.6 STA: B-6.6


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