El pretérito regular: ar (é, aste, ó, amos, asteis, aron) er/ir ( í, iste, ió, imos, isteis, ieron) Car/Gar/Zar



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El pretérito regular:

AR (é, aste, ó, amos, asteis, aron)

ER/IR ( í, iste, ió, imos, isteis, ieron)
Car/Gar/Zar (Verbs that end in car, gar, zar are irregular in the YO form only. All other forms go back to the same -AR preterite endings.)

car---- qué gar--- gué zar--- cé

ex. Buscar- busqué llegar - llegué empezar- empecé


Ver/ Dar (Ver and dar are different verbs but have the same endings!)

Ver (vi, viste, vio, vimos, visteis, vieron)

Dar (di, diste, dio, dimos, disteis, dieron)
Ser/ Ir ("FU" verbs. These verbs have different meanings but they have the same forms in the preterite.)

SER/ IR= (fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fuisteis, fueron)



The JUIce verbs

ar/er/ir (e, iste, o, imos, isteis, ieron)



J- verbs U- verbs I- verbs

Traer (traj) estar (estuv) hacer (hic)

Producir (produj) andar (anduv) venir (vin)

Conducir (conduj) tener (tuv) querer (quis)

Decir (dij) poder (pud)

poner (pus)

saber (sup)

caber (cup)

haber (hub)

Preterite Stem- Changing/ Sunglass Verbs:

The -IR verbs in the present indicative that have a change from E----IE or E----I also have a stem- change in the preterite.

The change will be only from E---I or O----U in the third person singular and the third person plural.

sentirse: to feel like conseguir: to get

pedir: to ask for, to request, to order preferir: to prefer

mentir: to lie repetir: to repeat

reírse: to laugh O----U

divertirse: to have fun morir : to die

seguir: to follow dormer: to sleep

"Y" Verbs

These verbs will have a change in the ENDING of the verb. This change is going to be made because there is a triple vowel. The I will change to a Y

Caer, leer. creer, construir, oír
Uses of the Preterite

1. The preterite tense is used to indicate the beginning or end of an action or event occurring in the past. It may also narrate a complete event (that is both beginning or end)

Ex. Comenzó a leer el libro. (He began to read the book)

Ex. Cesó de llover a las cuatro. (It stopped raining at 4:00)

Ex. Carlos me visitó ayer. (Carlos visited me yesterday)

2. To talk about actions completed in the past at a specific time.

Ex. Ayer hubo un incendio. Los bomberos llegaron y salvaron a todos.

(There was a fire yesterday. The firemen arrived and saved everyone.)


Uses of the Imperfect:

1. To express what was happening, used to happen, or happened in the past.

Ex. Los pájaros cantaban todo el día. (The birds were singing all day long)

Ex. Vivíamos en esta calle cuando era niña. (We used to live on this street when I was young)

Ex. Tomás a menudo llegaba tarde. (Thomas often would arrive late)

2. To talk about moods, feelings, desires, & intentions. To describe a state of mind in the past with such verbs as creer, pensar, querer & saber.

Ex. Estaba nervioso. (He was nervious)

Ex. Tenía miedo de las tormentas. (He was afraid of the storms)

Ex. Quería quedarme en casa. (I wanted to stay at home)

Ex. Creían que era importante. (They believed that it was important.)

3. To set the scene or provide background information.

Ex. Era un festival famoso. (It was a famous festival)

Ex. Había muchos reporteros en el teatro. (There were many reporters at the theatre)
Continual--- Tocaba la guitarra todo el tiempo.

Habitual--- Siempre me vestía de negro.

Endless Action--- Yo miraba la televisión, mientras bailabas.

Age, Appearance--- Tenía doce años, era alto y flaco

Temperature, time--- Era un día soleado, hacía calor y era la una.

Emotions--- Estaba contento

Descriptions--- El agua estaba frío

Key Words

Preterite Imperfect

-ayer -siempre

- anteayer - nunca

- anoche - a veces/muchas -veces/algunas veces

-el año pasado -cada día

-la semana pasada -normalmente

-de repente -generalmente

- usualmente

- todos los días

- mientras



- a menudo


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