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GENERAL
A/HRC/8/3/Add.1

30 May 2008


ENGLISH/FRENCH/SPANISH

HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL


Eighth session
Agenda item 3
PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, CIVIL, POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, INCLUDING THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT
Report of the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, Philip Alston
Addendum

Summary of cases transmitted to Government and replies received

CONTENTS





Paragrahs

Page

Introduction


1

3

I. COMMUNICATIONS AND REPLIES


2-6

3

  1. Violation alleged




3

3

  1. Subject(s) of appeal




4

4

  1. Character of replies received




5

4

  1. Observations of the Special Rapporteur




6

4

II. TABULATION OF COMMUNICATIONS AND REPLIES


7-11

4

  1. “Communications sent” and “Government responses received”




8

4

  1. “Number and category of individuals concerned”




9

5

  1. “Alleged violations of the right to life upon which the Special Rapporteur intervened”




10

5

  1. “Character of replies received”




11

5

Introduction


  1. This report contains a comprehensive account of communications sent to Governments up to 15 March 2008, along with replies received up to the end of April 2008. It also contains responses received to communications that were sent in earlier years.


I. COMMUNICATIONS AND REPLIES


  1. Along with fuller reproductions or summaries of correspondence, this report summarizes the correspondence regarding each communication under four headings for ease of reference.


A. Violation alleged


  1. Violations are classified into the following categories:

(a) Non-respect of international standards on safeguards and restrictions relating to the imposition of capital punishment (“Death penalty safeguards”);


(b) Death threats and fear of imminent extrajudicial executions by State officials, paramilitary groups, or groups cooperating with or tolerated by the Government, as well as unidentified persons who may be linked to the categories mentioned above and when the Government is failing to take appropriate protection measures (“Death threats”);
(c) Deaths in custody owing to torture, neglect, or the use of force, or fear of death in custody due to life-threatening conditions of detention (“Deaths in custody”);
(d) Deaths due to the use of force by law enforcement officials or persons acting in direct or indirect compliance with the State, when the use of force is inconsistent with the criteria of absolute necessity and proportionality (“Excessive force”);
(e) Deaths due to the attacks or killings by security forces of the State, or by paramilitary groups, death squads, or other private forces cooperating with or tolerated by the State (“Attacks or killings”);
(f) Violations of the right to life during armed conflicts, especially of the civilian population and other non-combatants, contrary to international humanitarian law (“Violations of right to life in armed conflict”);
(g) Expulsion, refoulement, or return of persons to a country or a place where their lives are in danger (“Expulsion”);
(h) Impunity, compensation and the rights of victims (“Impunity”).

The short versions contained in parentheses are used in the tabulation of communications.


B. Subject(s) of appeal


  1. The subjects of appeal are classified in accordance with paragraph 6 of Commission of Human Rights resolution 2004/37 and paragraph 5 (b) of General Assembly resolution 61/173.


C. Character of replies received


  1. The replies received have been classified according to the following five categories designed to assist the Commission in its task of evaluating the effectiveness of the mandate:

(a) “Largely satisfactory response” denotes a reply that is responsive to the allegations and that substantially clarifies the facts. It does not, however, imply that the action taken necessarily complies with international human rights law;


(b) “Cooperative but incomplete response” denotes a reply that provides some clarification of the allegations but that contains limited factual substantiation or that fails to address some issues;
(c) “Allegations rejected but without adequate substantiation” denotes a reply denying the allegations but which is not supported by documentation or analysis that can be considered satisfactory under the circumstances;

(d) “Receipt acknowledged” denotes a reply acknowledging that the communication was received but without providing any substantive information;


(e) “No response”.
D. Observations of the Special Rapporteur


  1. In order to underscore the importance of the dialogue between the Special Rapporteur and Governments and to avoid any appearance that the principal goal is the exchange of correspondence for its own sake, this report contains brief comments by the Special Rapporteur on the extent to which he considers each reply to have responded adequately to the concerns arising under the mandate. An indication is also provided in instances in which additional information is required to respond effectively to the information received.


II. TABULATION OF COMMUNICATIONS AND REPLIES


  1. To provide an overview of the activities of the mandate in the past year, this report also includes a table that contains the following information by country.


A. “Communications sent” and “Government responses received”


  1. These columns contain the total number of communications sent by the Special Rapporteur and the total number of responses received from Governments. The columns also contain subtotals for urgent appeals (UA) and allegation letters (AL).


B. “Number and category of individuals concerned”


  1. The subjects of communications are classified in accordance with paragraph 6 of Commission of Human Rights resolution 2004/37.


C. “Alleged violations of the right to life upon which the Special Rapporteur intervened”


  1. This column lists the number of communications containing allegations of a particular category. (See Section I, paragraph 3above).


D. “Character of replies received”


  1. See Section I, paragraph 5 above.



ANNEX


Country

Communications Sent1



Government Responses Received

Number and Category of Individuals Concerned2


Alleged Violations of the Right to Life upon which the Special Rapporteur Intervened

Character of Replies Received

Afghanistan

1 (1 UA)

0

1 male (journalist)

Death penalty safeguards (1)

No response (1)

Algeria

2 (2 AL)3

1 (1 AL)

1 male

Deaths in custody (2)

Allegation rejected without adequate substanciation (1)
No response (1)



Armenia

1 (1 AL)

0

1 male

Deaths in custody (1)

No response (1)

Australia


1 (1 AL)4

0

1 male (indigenous)

Deaths in custody (1)

Largely satisfactory response (1)

Bahrain

1 (1UA)

1 (UA)

1 male (HRD)

Excessive force/ Impunity (1)

Cooperative but incomplete response (1)

Bangladesh

5 (4 AL, 1 UA)5


3 (3 AL)

1 female (journalist)

2 males


At least 367 persons

1 male (indigenous)

3 males


Death threats (1)

Attacks or killings (2)

Deaths in custody (2)


Largely satisfactory response (3)
No response (2)



Brazil

7 (3 AL, 4 UA)

1 (AL)

1 male (HRD)

2 males, 1 female

19 males

25 males


1 male (HRD)

1 male (indigenous)

1 female (HRD)


Attacks or killings (2)

Attacks or killings/ Death threats (1)

Excessive force/ Impunity (1)

Deaths in custody (1)

Impunity (1)

Death threats (1)



Largely satisfactory response (2)
No response (4)
No response (recent communication) (1)


Chile

1 (1 UA)

1 (1 UA)

1 male (HRD)



Excessive force (1)



Largely satisfactory response (1)


China

1 (1 UA)

1 (1 UA)

1 male

Death penalty safeguards (1)


Largely satisfactory response (1)

Colombia

8 (3 UA, 5 AL)6

4 (2 UA, 2 AL)

12 males (2 minors, 4 indigenous, 2 demonstrators, 3 HRD)
1 female (1 minor)



Attacks or killings (4)
Excessive force (1)
Attacks or killings/Impunity (1)
Impunity/death threats (1)
Death threats (1)

Largely satisfactory response (4)
Cooperative but incomplete response (4)

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

1 (1 UA)

0

2 males (soldiers)

Death penalty safeguards (1)

No response (1)

Ecuador

2 (2 AL)7




2 males (2 minors, 1 refugee)

Excessive force (1)

Attacks or killings (1)



Largely satisfactory response (2)


Egypt

2 (AL)

1 (1 AL)

2 males

3 males


Deaths in custody (1)

Death penalty safeguards (1)



Cooperative but incomplete response (1)
No response (1)

Ethiopia

2 (1 UA, 1 AL)

0

193 persons

Between approximately 700 and 1300 persons



Excessive force (1)

Violations of the right to life during armed conflict (1)



No response (2)

Fiji

1 (1 AL)

0

3 males

Deaths in custody

No response (1)

Guatemala

3 (1 UA, 2 AL)8

3 (1UA, 2 AL)

1 male (HRD) and family
1 male
1 male, 1 female (HRD’s) and family

Death threats (1)
Impunity (1)
Attacks or killings/death threats (1)

Largely satisfactory response (3)




Honduras

1 (UA)

0

2 males (human rights defenders)

Attacks or killings

No response (1)

India

3 (3 AL)

2

At least 14 persons (demonstrators)

At least 25 persons

3 males


Deaths in custody (2)
Excessive force (1)
Attacks or killings/Impunity (1)

No response (3)



Indonesia

2 (2 AL)

2 (2 AL)

3 males

Deaths in custody (2)



Largely satisfactory response (1)
Cooperative but incomplete response (1)

Islamic Republic of Iran

21 (21 UA)9

5 (5 UA)

46 males (10 juvenile offenders, 1 human rights defender)
9 females (4 juvenile offenders)

Death penalty safeguards (21)



Largely satisfactory response (4)
Cooperative but incomplete response (2)
No response (recent communication) (2)
No response (13)



Iraq

2 (2 UA)

0

2 females
3 males

Death penalty safeguards (2)



No response (2)

Israel

1 (1 AL)

0

1 male

Attacks or killings (1)

No response (1)

Jordan

1 (1 AL)

0

1 male

Deaths in custody (1)

No response (1)

Kenya

2 (1 UA, 1 AL)

0

General

At least 682 persons



Excessive force (1)

Attacks or killings (1)



No response (2)

Kyrgyzstan

2 (2 AL)10

1 (1 AL)

2 males ( 1 foreign national)

Deaths in custody (2)

Largely satisfactory response (1)
No response (1)

Liberia

1 AL (1 AL)

0

1 female

Impunity

No response (1)

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

1 (1 AL)

0

1 male

Deaths in custody (1)



No response (1)

Malaysia

1 (1 AL)

0

5 persons (foreign nationals)

Attacks or killings (1)

Cooperative but incomplete response (1)

Maldives

1 AL (1 AL)11

1 (AL)

1 male

Deaths in custody (1)

Largely satisfactory response (1)

Mexico

2 (2 AL)12

2 (2 AL)

7 males (demonstrators)

Attacks or killings (1)
Excessive use of force (1)

Largely satisfactory response (1)
Cooperative but incomplete response (1)

Morocco

1 (1 AL)

0

1 male

Deaths in detention (1)

No response (1)

Myanmar

2 (1 AL, 1 UA)

1 (AL)

Unknown

1 male


Deaths in custody (1)

Excessive force (1)



Allegations rejected but without adequate substantiation (1)
No response (1)

Nepal

3 (3 AL)13

3 (3 AL)

2 females (minors)

2 males (1 minor, 1 journalist)




Attacks or killings (2)
Death threats (1)


Largely satisfactory response (1)
Cooperative but incomplete response (1)
Receipt acknowledged (1)

Niger

1 (1 AL)

0

At least 21 persons

Attacks or killings (2)

No response (1)

Nigeria

5 (2 UA, 3 AL)14

0

Unknown

Approximately 25 persons (militants)

At least 6 persons (religious minority)

7 males


Death threats (1)

Excessive force (1)

Attacks or killings (1)

Death penalty safeguards (1)




No response (5)



Pakistan

5 (1 UA, 4 AL)

1 (1 AL)

2 males

78 persons

At least 102, possibly over 300 persons

General


Death penalty safeguards (2)
Excessive use of force (2)
Attacks or killings (1)


Cooperative but incomplete response (1)
No response (recent communication) (1)
No response (3)



Papa New Guinea

1 (AL)

0

At least 8 persons

Attacks or killings (1)

No response (1)

Philippines

6 (4 AL, 2 UA)15

6 (4 AL, 2 UA))

3 females (human rights defenders)

21 males (9 human rights defenders)



Impunity (3)

Attacks or killings (2)

Impunity/attacks or killings (1)


Largely satisfactory response (2)
Cooperative but incomplete response (3)
Receipt acknowledged (1)

Russian Federation

1 (1 AL)16

1 (1 AL)

4 males

Attacks or killings/impunity (1)



Largely satisfactory response (1)


Saudi-Arabia

8 (8 UA)

3 (UA)

11 males (4 migrants, 1 juvenile offender)

1 female (juvenile offender)



Death penalty safeguards (8)

Largely satisfactory response (1)
Cooperative but incomplete response (2)
No response (5)

Singapore

2 (2 UA)

2 (2 UA)

6 males (5 foreign nationals)

Death penalty safeguards (2)

Allegations rejected but without adequate substantiation (2)


Somalia

2 (AL)

0

Unknown

2 males


Death penalty safeguards (1)

Violations of the right to life during armed conflict/Attacks or killings (1)




No response (2)

Sri Lanka

8 (8 AL)17

3 (3 AL)

53 males (11 journalists and media workers, 35 humanitarian workers)
3 females (humanitarian workers)
73 persons

Deaths in custody (1)

Violations of the right to life during armed conflict (2)

Attacks or killings (1)

Impunity (3)




Largely satisfactory response (1)
Cooperative but incomplete response (2)
Receipt acknowledged (3)


Sudan

4 (3 UA, 1 AL)

2 (UA)

5 males
More than 115 persons of unknown sex (20 demonstrators)

Death penalty safeguards (3)
Excessive force (1)

Largely satisfactory response (2)
No response (2)

Syrian Arab Republic

2 (1 UA, 1 AL)18

2 (1 UA, 1 AL)

1 female, 1 male

Impunity (1)

Deaths in detention (1)



Largely satisfactory response (1)
Cooperative but incomplete response (1)


Thailand

3 (1 UA, 2 AL)19

2 (1 UA, 1 AL)

3 males

Death penalty safeguards (1)

Deaths in custody (1)

Creation of an Independent Committee to investigate extrajudicial killings (1)


Largely satisfactory response (1)
Receipt acknowledged (1)
No response (1)

United Kingdom

1 (1 AL)

1 (1 AL)

1 male (foreign national)

Expulsion

No response (1)

United States of America

6 (1 UA, 5 AL)20

2 (2 AL)

7 males (1 foreign national)
90 persons of unknown sex

Impunity (1)

Violations of the right to life during armed conflict /Impunity (1)

Violations of the right to life during armed conflict (2)

Deaths in custody (1)

Death penalty safeguards (1)


Largely satisfactory response (1)
No response (5)



Uzbekistan

1 (1 UA)21

0

1 male

Death penalty safeguards (1)


Largely satisfactory response (1)

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

2 (1 UA, 1 AL)22

2 (1 UA, 1 AL)

5 males (3 minors)

1 female


Death threats (2)

Largely satisfactory response (1)
Cooperative but incomplete response (1)

Viet Nam

2 (1 UA, 1 AL)

2 (1 AL, 1 UA)

5 males

Death penalty safeguards (1)

Deaths in custody (1)



Largely satisfactory response (1)
Cooperative but incomplete response (1)

Yemen

5 (5 UA)23

5 (5 UA)

4 males (2 juvenile offenders)
1 female (1 juvenile offender)

Death penalty safeguards (5)

Largely satisfactory response (3)
Cooperative but incomplete response (2)

Zimbabwe

3 (3 AL)24

3 (3 AL)

2 males (1 media worker)

Between at least 11 and 13 persons



Excessive force (2)

Impunity (1 )



Largely satisfactory response (1)
Allegations rejected but without adequate substantiation (1)



Afghanistan: Death Sentence of Sayed Perwiz Kambaksh

Algérie: Mort en détention de Mounir Hammouche

Armenia: Death in Custody of Levon Gulyan

Australia: Death in Custody of Mulrunji

Bahrain: Deaths During Demonstrations of 2007

Bangladesh: Attack on Journalist Sumi Khan

Bangladesh: “Crossfire” Killings of Abul Hawladar and Md. Shamim

Bangladesh: “Crossfire” Killings by the Rapid Action Batallion

Bangladesh: Death in Custody of Choles Ritchil

Bangladesh: Deaths in Custody Three Men

Brazil: Killing of Land Reform Activist Santos do Carmo

Brazil: Killing of Rodson da Silva Rodrigues, Aurina Rodrigues Santana and Paulo Rodrigo Santana

Brazil: Killings in the Complexo do Alemão area of Rio de Janeiro in June 2007

Brazil: Death of 25 Prisoners at Ponte Nova Detention Centre, Minas Gerais

Brazil: Killing of Land Rights Activist Valmir Mota de Oliveira

Brazil: Violence against Members of the Guajajara Indigenous Community of Lagoa Cumprida

Brazil: Death Threats against Human Rights Defender Maria de Lourdes Didier Leite

Chile: Asesinato de Matías Catrileo Quezada, activista por los derechos de la tierra.

China: Death sentence of Chen Tao

Colombia: Asesinato de Susana Particia Galeano en Argelia, Antioquia

Colombia: Muertes durante manifestación en el Departamento del Cauca en mayo 2006

Colombia: Asesinatos contra los Wayuú

Colombia: Muertes y Amenazas de Muerte contra Líderes Sindicales

Colombia: Muerte de Leber Castrillón Sarmiento en el Departamento de Bolivar

Colombia: Asesinato de Francisco Puerta

Colombia: Asesinato de Dairo Torres Sepúlveda

Colombia: Amenazas de Muerte contra José Domingo Flores

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea: Death Sentence of Two Soldiers of the DPRK

Ecuador: Muerte de Paúl Alejandro Guanuña Sanguña

Egypt: Deaths in Custody of Muhammad Suleyman Youssef Ahmed and Ashraf Sa‘id Youssef

Egypt: Death Sentences of Muhammed Gayiz Sabbah, Usama ‘Abd al-Ghani al-Nakhlawi and Yunis Muhammed Abu Gareer

Ethiopia: Accountability for Deaths of Demonstrators in June and November 2005

Ethiopia: Killing of Civilians in Mogadishu, Somalia

Fiji: Death in Custody of Tevita Malasebe, Sakiusa Rabaka, Nimilote Verebasaga

Guatemala: Amenazas de Muerte en contra de Maynor Roberto Berganza Betancourt y su Familia

Guatemala: Muerte de Adilio Darinel Domingo

Guatemala: Muerte de Florentín Gudiel Ramos y Amenazas de Muerte contra su Familia

Honduras: Muerte de Heraldo Zuñiga y de Roger Ivan Cartagena

India: Deaths Following Protests in the Nandigram Area of West Bengal

India: The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA)

India: Death in Custody of Raju Roy s/o Mr. Badal Roy

Indonesia: Deaths in Custody of Suherman and Marsudi Tri Wijaya

Indonesia: Death in Custody of Teguh Uripno

Islamic republic of Iran: Death Sentence of Hossein Gharabaghloo

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentence of Abdullah Farivar Moqaddam

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentences of Sina Paymard and Mostafa

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentence of Reza Alinejad

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentences of Seven Men in Connection with Attacks Linked to Jondallah

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentence of Delara Darabi

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentences of Khaled Hardani, Shahram and Farhang Pour Mansouri

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentences of Farzad Alizadeh Mohajer and Mohammad Zafari

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentences of Ms Mokarrameh Ebrahimi and an Unnamed Man

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentence of Mosleh Zamani

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentences of Adnan Hassanpour and Abdolwahed Butimar

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentences of 20 Men

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentence of Mohamed Latif

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentence of Behnam Zare

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentence of Soghra Najafpoor

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentence of Mohammad Reza Turk

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentence of Makwan Mouloudzadah

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentence of Behnood

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentence of Zohreh and Azar Kabiri

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentence of Mohammad Reza Haddadi

Islamic Republic of Iran: Death Sentences Shahbano Naddam, Tayebe Hojati, Soheila and Akram Mahdavi

Iraq: Death Sentences of Wassan Talib and Samar Sa’ad Abdullah

Iraq: Death Sentences of Ali Hassan al-Majid, Sultan, Hashim Ahmad al-Ta’i and Hussain Rashid al-Tikriti

Israel: Killing of Yehia al-Jabari

Jordan: Death in Custody of `Ala’ Abu `Utair

Kenya: Shoot-to-kill order Issued by the Internal Security Minister

Kenya: Killings during Post-Election Violence

Kyrgyzstan: Death in Custody of Tashkenbai Moidinov

Kyrgyzstan: Death in Custody of Akylbek Sakeev

Liberia: Death of Tuakerseh Gborgan following a Trial by Ordeal

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya: Death in Custody of Ismail Al Khazmi

Malaysia: Killing of Five Migrant Workers

Maldives: Death in Custody of Hussein Salah

Maroc: Mort en détention de Soulaymane Chouihi

Mexico: Muertes durante manifestaciones en Oaxaca

Mexico: Muertes durante manifestación en Oaxaca

Myanmar: Death in Custody of Maung Chan Kun

Myanmar: Deaths during Demonstrations in September 2007

Nepal: Deaths of Reena Rasail, Subhadra Chaulagain and Tasi Lama

Nepal: Death Threats against Journalist Rajendra Karki

Niger: Exécutions extrajudiciaires par les forces armées

Nigeria: Ultimatum from the Joint Task force on the Niger Delta (JTF) to the Leaders of the Ughelli Community

Nigeria: Deaths of Islamic militants in the Panshekara area

Nigeria: Persecution of Members of the Shia Community in Sokoto State

Nigeria: Death Sentences of 7 Persons

Pakistan: Death Sentence of Jawed Khan

Pakistan: “Shoot on Sight” Orders Issued following Clashes in Karachi and the North West Frontier Province

Pakistan: Killings in the Context of the Siege at Lal Masjid (Red Mosque)

Pakistan: “Shoot to Kill”-Order Issued in the Context of Parliamentary Elections

Pakistan: Death Sentence of Zahid Masih

Papua New Guinea: Killings by Private Security Forces at the Porgera Joint Venture Gold Mine

Philippines: Impunity for Killings of Leftist Activists

Philippines: Impunity for Killings of Leftist Activists

Philippines: Impunity for Killing of Leftist Activists

Philippines: Impunity for Killing of Leftist Activists

Philippines: Killing of Charlie Solayao and Mario Auxilio

Philippines: Death in Custody Manuel Merino

Russian Federation: Execution of Adam Israilov, Aslanbek Israilov, Mr. Turpal Israilov and Aslanbek Dzhabrailov

Saudi Arabia: Death Sentence of Sufun Muhammed Ali Ahmed al-Zafifi

Saudi Arabia: Death Sentences of Ranjith de Silva, Victor Corea, Sanath Pushpakumara and Sharmila Sangeeth Kumara

Saudi Arabia: Death Sentence of Suliamon Olyfemi

Saudi Arabia: Death Sentence of Dhahian Rakan al-Sibai’i

Saudi Arabia: Death Sentence of Rizana Nasik

Saudi Arabia: Death Sentence of Faisal Fouzan al-Otaibi

Saudi Arabia: Death Sentence of Hadi ‘Ali Suliaman al-Yami

Saudi Arabia: Death Sentences of Sheikh Mastan alias Mohammed Salim and Hamza Abu Bakir

Singapore: Death Sentences of Iwuchukwu Amara Tochi and Okele Nelson Malachy

Singapore: Death sentences of Tan Chor Jin, Hamir Hasim, Kamal Kupli and Abdul Malik

Somalia: Death Sentences of Abdulayhi Dahir Muse Afweyne and Mohammed Abdi Wardheere

Somalia: Killing of Civilians in Mogadishu

Sri Lanka: Killings of Journalists and Media Workers

Sri Lanka: Impunity for the Killing of Thirteen Civilians in 2006

Sri Lanka: Civilians Killed following an Army Attack on a School in Kathiraveli, Batticaloa

Sri Lanka: Impunity for the Killing of 38 Humanitarian Workers since 2006

Sri Lanka: Death in Custody of Thadallage Chamil Weerasena

Sri Lanka: Assassination of Thiyagarajah Maheswaran

Sudan: Death Sentences of Seven Men

Sudan: Death sentence of Amouna Abdallah Daldoum and Sadia Idries Fadul

Sudan: Death Sentences of Abdelrhman Zakaria Mohamed and Ahmed Abdullah Suleiman

Sudan: Killing of Protestors in Northern State in June 2007

Syrian Arab Republic: Honour Killing of Huda Abu Assaly

Syrian Arab Republic: Death in Custody of Abdul Moez Salem

Thailand: Death Sentences of Wichai Somkhaoyai and Bualoi Posit

Thailand: Death in Custody of Yaga Pa-o-mani

Thailand: Appointment of an Independent Committee to Investigate Extrajudicial Killings during the “War on Drugs” in 2003

United Kingdom: Expulsion of Sajmir Khepmetaj, an Albanian national

United States of America: Impunity for the Killing of Abed Hamed Mowhoush

United States of America: Killing of Civilians in Nangrahar Province on 4 March 2007

United States of America: Impunity for killings by members of the armed forces

United States of America: Killing of Civilians following Air Strikes in Afghanistan

United States of America: Death in Custody of Ahmed Ali Abdullah, a.k.a. Salah Addin Ali Ahmed Al-Salami

United States of America: Death Sentence of Troy A. Davis

Uzbekistan: Death Sentence of Ismatillo Abasov

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of): Amenazas de Muerte contra Tres Jóvenes en Caracas

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of): Amenazas de muerte contra la familia de Hernández Mota

Viet Nam: Death Sentences of Le Manh Luong, Tran Van Hoi, Nguyen Minh Tuan and Nguyen Van Can

Viet Nam: Death in Custody of Kpa Kin

Yemen: Death Sentences of Ismail Lutef Huraish and Ali Mussara’a Muhammad Huraish

Yemen: Death Sentence of Adil Muhammad Saif al-Ma’amari

Yemen: Death Sentence of Amina Ali Abdulatif

Yemen: Death Sentence of Ibrahim Sharaf al-Din

Yemen: Death Sentence of Hafez Ibrahim

Zimbabwe: Killing of Opposition Members in Harare

Zimbabwe: Death of Edward Chikombo

Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE): Killings of Opposition Activists and Other Individuals.



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55

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85

91


95

103


108
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123

125
129

131
139
142
148

152
155


157

161
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174

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