Estructuras gramaticales: Lección 9 El subjuntivo: resumen general



Descargar 30.1 Kb.
Fecha de conversión01.07.2017
Tamaño30.1 Kb.
Estructuras gramaticales: Lección 9


  1. El subjuntivo: resumen general

    1. Resumen de los usos del subjuntivo en las cláusulas subordinadas

Use the SUBJUNCTIVE…

Use the INFINITIVE…

Yo quiero que él lo grabe.




  • After verbs _________, when there is a change of subject:

Me alegro de que tú estés aquí.




  • After ______________, when there is a subject:

Es necesario que él estudie.



  • After verbs of volition, when there _________________________:

Yo quiero grabarlo.




  • After verbs of emotion, when there is ____________ of subject:

Me alegro de estar aquí.




  • After impersonal expressions, when ___________________:

Es necesario estudiar.



Use the SUBJUNCTIVE…

Use the INDICATIVE…

  • To express ______ and ________:

Dudo que pueda actuar.




  • To refer to something ________ or ____________:

Busco una casa que sea cómoda.

No hay nadie que lo sepa.


  • With certain conjunctions when referring to a ____________:

Cenarán cuando él llegue.




  • In an if-clause, ______________ something contrary-to-fact, impossible, or very improbable.

Si pudiera, iría.

Si el presidente me invitara a la Casa Blanca, yo aceptaría.


  • When there is ___ doubt or denial:

No dudo que puede actuar.

No niego que él está aquí.


  • To refer to something ________:

Tengo una casa que es cómoda.

Hay alguien que lo sabe.


  • With certain conjunctions when the action has been ________ or is _____________.

Cenaron cuando él llegó.

Siempre cenan cuando él llega.

Si puedo, iré.

Si Juan me invita a su casa, aceptaré.





    1. Concordancia de los tiempos con el subjuntivo

      1. In sentences that require the subjunctive, the verb in the main clause determines which subjunctive tense must be used in the subordinate clause. The models that follow show the possible combinations.



Main clause (indicative)

Subordinate clause (subjunctive)



or

















Main clause (indicative)

Subordinate clause (subjunctive)



or














      1. When the verb in the main clause is in the present but the action in the subordinate clause refers to the past, the imperfect subjunctive is used.




Main clause (indicative)

Subordinate clause (subjunctive)










  1. Usos de algunas preposiciones

    1. The prepositions a (to, at, in) expresses direction towards a point in space or a moment in time. It is used in the following instances.

      1. To refer to a ___________.

      2. After a verb of ________ when it is followed by an infinitive, a noun, or a pronoun.

      3. After the verbs _______, _______, ________, and _________ when they are followed by an infinitive.

      4. After the verb ___________.

      5. Before a ______________ that refers to a specific person. It may also be used to personify an animal or a thing.

    2. The preposition de (of, from, about, with, in) indicates possession, material, and origin. It is also used in the following instances.

      1. With ___________, to refer to a specific period of the day or night.

      2. After the ___________, to express in or of.

      3. To describe ____________________________.

      4. As a synonym for _________ or ______________ (about).

    3. The prepositions en (at, in on, inside, over) generally refers to something within an area of time or space. It is used in the following instances:

      1. To refer to a _____________.

      2. As a ____________ for sobre (on).

      3. To indicate __________________________.

      4. To refer to _______________________________________.




  1. Verbos con preposiciones

The prepositions con, de, and en are used with certain verbs to connect the verbs to someone or something.


    1. Expression with con

      1. casarse con _______________________________

      2. comprometerse con _________________________

      3. contar con ________________________________

      4. encontrarse con ____________________________

      5. sonar con _________________________________




    1. Expression with de

      1. acordarse de ______________________________

      2. alegrarse de ______________________________

      3. darse cuenta de ___________________________

      4. enamorarse de ____________________________

      5. olvidarse de ______________________________

      6. salir de __________________________________

      7. tratar de ________________________________




    1. Expressions with en

      1. confiar en _________________________________

      2. convenir en ________________________________

      3. entrar en _________________________________

      4. fijarse en ________________________________

      5. insistir en ________________________________

      6. pensar en _________________________________




  1. El infinitive

    1. Algunos usos del infinitivo: In Spanish, the infinitive is used in the following ways:

      1. As a noun.

        1. _________of the sentence

        2. ____________________, when the infinitive is dependent on that verb

        3. ____________________ (In Spanish, the infinitive, not the present participle is used after a preposition.)

      2. As the object of the verbs ______, ______, and ___________.

      3. As the substitute for the ______________, to give instructions or directions.

      4. After the preposition ______, to indicate that an action has not been completed or has not yet occurred. This usage is equivalent to the use of the past participle and the prefix un- in English.



    1. Frases verbales con el infinitive

      1. Acabar + de + infinitive


Acabar (in the present tense) + infinitive is used in Spanish to express that something _______________ at the moment of speaking.
***When acabar is conjugated in the imperfect tense, the expression means that something had just happened.***


      1. Volver + a + infinitive


Volver + a + infinitive is used in Spanish to indicate the repetition of an action. In English, it means _____________________________.


      1. Ponerse + a + infinitive



In Spanish, ponerse + a + infinitive indicates that an action is beginning to take place. In English, it means ____________________ __________________________________.


La base de datos está protegida por derechos de autor ©bazica.org 2016
enviar mensaje

    Página principal