Forest Resources Management in Spain and Its Cultural, Political and Biophysical Context



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Forest Resources Management in Spain

and Its Cultural, Political and Biophysical Context (UVa – OSU, 2016)

http://www5.uva.es/etsiiaa/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/uva-etsiia-300x57.png
Forest Resources Management in Spain

and Its Cultural, Political and Biophysical Context
Organization: Dr. Doug Maguire (Giustina Professor of Forest Management, College of Forestry, Oregon State University, USA) and Dr. Felipe Bravo, Professor of Forest Modeling and Biometrics and Dr. José Reque, Associate Professor of Silviculture (ETS Ingenierías Agrarias, University of Valladolid-INIA, Palencia, SPAIN and Sustainable Forest Management Research Institute University of Valladolid-INIA)
Organizing Institutions: Oregon State University

University of Valladolid

http://www.universityofvalladolid.uva.es

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=or_np8q5HtY


Dates: September 6th- September 15th, 2016
Introduction
Forests worldwide have been managed for a wide diversity of ecosystem services that are dictated by local society’s needs; superimposed on those needs are a cultural, historical, political and biophysical context. An international perspective on forest management strategies provides keener insight into alternative ways of managing for specific resources, and ways to balance the demands for a complex array of ecosystem services. This study abroad experience explores the many styles of management for an unusually diverse range of forest types and ecosystem services that are typical of Spain. Spain´s forestry was already established in the middle ages and many lessons can be obtained with critical analyses of such a long period. Spain is characterized by a unique combination of Mediterranean and maritime forest types that are vulnerable to wide annual climatic fluctuations and potential future climatic shifts.
Academic objectives:

  • To understand the cultural, political, and biophysical context of managing forest resources in Spain;

  • To understand the importance of the historical background on forestry in Europe

  • To learn about the diversity of objectives and resources for which forests are managed in Spain;

  • To explore management techniques applied to achieve objectives established for the diverse forest types of Spain; and

  • To gain insight into the connection between resource values, management approaches, national culture, and global pressures

Direct field observation of:



  • Silviculture for stone pine nut production on the Castillian Plateau

  • Regeneration methods, resin production and silviculture on Pinus pinaster stands

  • Management of beech and oak forests in the Cantabrian Range

  • Intensive management of radiata pine and Eucalyptus plantations

  • Agroforestry in oak savannas under the “La Dehesa” system

  • Production of cork in Quercus suber (cork oak)

  • Strategies for climate change mitigation and adaptation


Schedule in brief


Field Trip Plan

September 2016

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

4

5

Arrive in Madrid / Palencia

6

Welcome
Ampudia
Mte El Viejo
Coord.

F. Bravo, J. Reque



7
Urbión Model Forest / Burgos

Coord.


F. Bravo

8

Zamora


Coord.

P. Martín Pinto and Juan Andrés Oria de Rueda



9

Plain areas pine (Cuéllar-Iscar)

Coord.

C. del Peso



10

Free Palencia exploring


11

Free Palencia exploring


12

Salamanca

(Cork oak plantation & Dehesa)

Coord.


Felipe Bravo


13

Mountain


Broadleaves (Palencia)

Coord.


J. Reque


14

Plantations (Cantabria)

Coord.

C. del Peso



15

Páramos
Farewell

Coord.

F. Bravo


16
Depart from Palencia

17



Detailed Schedule

Day

Organizer

Location

Activity (Hosts)

5 September




Arrival ton Spain

Meet at Madrid Barajas Airport; travel to Palencia

6 September

Felipe Bravo

José Reque




Palencia-Ampudia-Monte el Viejo (Palencia)

9:00 Welcome in the Campus Library (Mercedes Sánchez Báscones, ViceProvost, Josefina Vila Dean, José Reque and Felipe Bravo)
Seminar: Forest and Forestry in Spain: a first insight (José Reque)
11:00 Visit to Ampudia experimental site (Felipe Bravo, Ana Martin and Cristóbal Ordóñez)
Coffee break and visit to Ampudia Downtown (castle, churches and main street).

14:00: Field Lunch in the Monte el Viejo Recreational Area

15:00: Visit to Monte el Viejo Forest: 1000 years of Mediterranean oak coppice with standards forest management (José Reque and Juan Andrés Oria de Rueda). Keywords: Quercus ilex, Q. faginea, silviculture, history, chaparral

18:00 Tapas at Palencia Downtown

Keywords: Pinus halepenisis, Afforestation, growth modeling, density control-thinning


7 September

Felipe Bravo


Burgos

8:00 Departure (San Lázaro)

Model Forest Concept (Pilar Valbuena)

Silviculture and Forest Management in Sierra de la Demanda and Urbión (Carlos García Güemes)

Thinning experiment



Key words: Biomass, planification, socioeconomic integration




Day

Organizer

Location

Activity (Hosts)

8 September

Pablo Martín Pinto

Zamora




9 September

Felipe Bravo

Cuéllar-Iscar-Pedrajas de San Esteban-Valladolid

8:00 Departure (Campus)

Stone pine (Pinus pinea) nut production systems (Javier Gordo)



Pinus pinaster silviculture; resin production, genetic structure and natural regeneration

(Felipe Bravo, Cristóbal Ordóñez and Ricardo Alía)

Lunch in Cuéllar. Visit to Cuéllar (http://www.aytocuellar.es/en/turismo/)

17:00 Visit to Palacio de Santa Cruz



10 September




Palencia

Free time for cultural exploration in Palencia

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=69krAJGrFQs



11 September




Palencia

Free time for cultural exploration in Palencia

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=69krAJGrFQs



12 September

Felipe Bravo and Cristóbal Ordóñez


Salamanca

8:00 Departure (San Lázaro)

10:00 Hardwood (Q. suber) plantations (San Joaquín de los Huelmos and Valdemarciel, Salamanca), Luis Carlos Jovellar

14:00 Lunch

17:00 Agroforestry in oak savannas under the “La Dehesa” system



Key words: Quercus suber, Q. ilex, , Silvopastoralism

13 September

Jose Reque, Pilar Zaldivar

Palencia

8:00 Departure (San Lázaro)

Badland restoration and erosion control

Management of beech, yew and oak forests in the Cantabrian Range

Lunch in the field

Key words: Afforestation, soil protection, Pinus sylvestris, Quercus petraea, Q. pyrenaica, Fagus sylvatica, Taxus baccata, protected areas




Day

Organizer

Location

Activity (Hosts)

14 September

Carlos del Peso

Cantabria

8:00 Departure (San Lázaro)

Intensive management of poplar and Eucalyptus plantations

Lunch in the field

Key words: Plantation forestry, pulp industry, clonal forestry


15 september

Felipe Bravo

Palencia

8:00 Departure (Campus)

Model Forest Concept (Pilar Valbuena)

Visit to Páramos reforestations: Strategies for climate change mitigation and adaptation and Trade-offs between goods and services in Mediterranean pine Reforestation

(Pablo Martín Pinto, Felipe Bravo, Celia Herrero, José Reque and Jaime Olaizola)

Pine wood nematode vector: mass trapping experimental plot(Juan Pajares)
Lunch in the field

Key words. Silviculture, thinnings, non woody products
Farewell;


16 September




Travel

Departure to Madrid;


References

(readings, video, blogs, webs and other resources)



Day

Activity

References

Before trip

Mandatory

reading list:

Optional

reading list:
Blogs and websites:


Bravo, F., Alvárez-González, J.G., Río, M. del et al. 2011. Growth and yield models in Spain: historical overview, contemporary examples and perspectives. Forest Systems 20(2):315-328.

Bravo, F. Río, M. del, Bravo-Oviedo, A., Peso, C. del, Montero, G. 2008. Forest management strategies and carbon sequestration. Pp. 179-194 in F. Bravo, V. LeMay, K. Gadow, and R. Jandl (eds.). Managing Forest Ecosystems: The Challenge of Climate Change.

Bugalho, M.N., M.C. Caldeira, J.S. Pereira, J. Aronson, and J.G. Pausas. 2011. Mediterranean cork oak savannas require human use to sustain biodiversity and ecosystem services. Frontiers in Ecology and Environmental Science 9:278-286.

Herrero, C., Bravo, F. 2011 Can we get an operational indicator of forest carbon sequestration? A case study from two forest regions in Spain Ecological Indicators, in press. (available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.04.021)

Montero, G., A. San Miguel, and I. Cañellas. 1998. Systems of Mediterranean silviculture: “La Dehesa”. Pp. 519-554 in R. Jiménez Diaz and J. Lamo de Expinosa (eds). Agricultural Sostenible.

Pardos, J.A. 2009. Forestry in Spain: Sustainable Management and Protection. CAETS 2009 Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Professional Forestry Association in Castile and León. 2007. Forests: Sign of life in Castile and León. 72 p.

Rodríguez-Vicente, V. and M.F. Marey-Pérez. 2010. Analysis of individual private forestry in northern Spain according to economic factors related to management. Journal of Forest Economics 16:269-295.

Ruiz del Castillo y Navascués, R., C. López Leiva, J. I. García Viñas, J. M. Villares Muyo, P. Tostado Rivera and C. García Rodríguez. 2006. The forest map of Spain 1:200,000. Methodology and analysis of general results. Sist. Recur. For., Fuera de serie, 24-39. (available at http://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/IA/article/view/2397/1793)

World Forestry Institute. Spain Market Profile.


Carr, Raymond. 2000. Spain: A History. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. 318 p.

Gomez-Tabanera, J.M. 1966. A Concise History of Spain. Chronos, Madrid, Spain. 700 p.


Blogs: http://silviweb.blogspot.com/ , www.silviweb.wikispaces.com and http://numerosybosques.blogspot.com

Web based forest simulator: www.simanfor.es

References (cont’d)

(Resources to complement field visits)



Day

Activity

References

September 6 th

Seminar: Forest and Forestry in Spain: a first look

Visit to Ampudia experimental site

Visit to Monte el Viejo Forest : 1000 years of mediterranean coppice with standards forest management


Bravo, J.A., Roig, S., Serrada, R. 2008. Selvicultura en montes bajos y medios de Quercus ilex L., Q. pyrenaica Willd. y Q. faginea Lam. Pp. 657-744 in R. Serrada, G. Montero, G. and J. Reque (Eds). Compendio de Selvicultura Aplicado en España. Instituo Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, Madrid, Spain.

Río, M. Del, Calama, R., Montero, G.. 2008. Selvicultura de Pinus halepensis Mill. Pp. 289-312 in R. Serrada, G. Montero, G. and J. Reque (Eds). Compendio de Selvicultura Aplicado en España. Instituo Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, Madrid, Spain.

Valbuena, P., Peso, C. del and F. Bravo. 2008 Stand density management diagrams for two Mediterranean pine in eastern Spain. Sistemas y Recursos Forestales 17:97-104. (available at http://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/IA/article/view/2152/1565)


September 7 th

Scots pine management in Urbión Model Forest


Alejano, R., González, J.M., Serrado, R. 2008. Selvicultura de Pinus nigra Arn. subsp. salzmannii Dunal) Franco Pp. 313-356 in R. Serrada, G. Montero, G. and J. Reque (Eds). Compendio de Selvicultura Aplicado en España. Instituo Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, Madrid, Spain.

Montero, G., Río, M. del, Roig, S., Rojo, A. 2008. Selvicultura de Pinus sylvestris L. Pp. 503-534 in R. Serrada, G. Montero, G. and J. Reque (Eds). Compendio de Selvicultura Aplicado en España. Instituo Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, Madrid, Spain.



Urbión Model Forest Video (part I to IV)

http://www.youtube.com/user/FundacionCesefor?blend=1&ob=5#p/search/1/BQHfuCojJmQ

http://www.youtube.com/user/FundacionCesefor?blend=1&ob=5#p/search/3/9gUleY-jqZw

http://www.youtube.com/user/FundacionCesefor?blend=1&ob=5#p/search/0/o5rOIEpvios

http://www.youtube.com/user/FundacionCesefor?blend=1&ob=5#p/search/4/geeWlpWbaeM


September 8 th







September 9 th

Pinus pinaster silviculture; resin production, genetic structure and natural regeneration

Stone pine nut production systems

European Forest Monitoring System Network plot at Cuéllar (http://www.icp-forests.org and http://www.futmon.org)


Bogino, S.M. and F. Bravo. 2008. Growth response of Pinus pinaster Ait. to climatic variables in central Spanish forests. Ann. For. Sci. 65:506.

Ruano, I., V. Pando, and F. Bravo. 2009. How do light and water influence Pinus pinaster Ait. germination and early seedling development? For. Ecol. Manage. 258:2647-2653.

Valbuena, P., Peso, C. del and F. Bravo. 2008 Stand density management diagrams for two Mediterranean pine in eastern Spain. Sistemas y Recursos Forestales 17:97-104. (available at http://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/IA/article/view/2152/1565)


September 12 th

Agroforestry in oak savannas under the “La Dehesa” system

Montero, G., López, E. 2008. Selvicultura de Quercus suber L. . Pp. 779-830 in R. Serrada, G. Montero, G. and J. Reque (Eds). Compendio de Selvicultura Aplicado en España. Instituo Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, Madrid, Spain.

Montero, G., A. San Miguel, and I. Cañellas. 1998. Systems of Mediterranean silviculture: “La Dehesa”. Pp. 519-554 in R. Jiménez Diaz and J. Lamo de Expinosa (eds). Agricultural Sostenible.

Serrada, R., San Miguel, A. 2008. Selvicultura en dehesas. Pp. 861-876 in R. Serrada, G. Montero, G. and J. Reque (Eds). Compendio de Selvicultura Aplicado en España. Instituo Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, Madrid, Spain.


September 13 th

Management of beech and oak forests in the Cantabrian Range


Madrigal, A., Calama, R., Madrigal, G., Aunos, A., Reque, J. 2008. Selvicultura de Fagus sylvatica L. Pp. 155-185 in R. Serrada, G. Montero, G. and J. Reque (Eds). Compendio de Selvicultura Aplicado en España. Instituo Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, Madrid, Spain.

Reque, J. 2008. Selvicultura de Quercus petraea L. y Quercus. robur L. Pp. 745-772 in R. Serrada, G. Montero, G. and J. Reque (Eds). Compendio de Selvicultura Aplicado en España. Instituo Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, Madrid, Spain.

Reque, J.A. and F. Bravo. 2008. Identifying forest structure types using National Forest Inventory Data: the case of sessile oak forest in the Cantabrian range. Sistemas y Recursos Forestales 17:105-113. (available at http://recyt.fecyt.es/index.php/IA/article/view/2153/1566)


September 14 th

Intensive management of plantations

Ruiz, F., López, G., Toval, G., Alejano, R. 2008. Selvicultura de Eucalyptus globulus Labill in Serrada, R., Montero, G. and Reque, J (Eds) Compedio de selvicultura 117-154

Sánchez, F., Rodríguez, R. J. 2008. Selvicultura de Pinus radiata D. Don in Serrada, R., Montero, G. and Reque, J (Eds) Compedio de selvicultura 471-502

Sixto, H., Grau, J.M., González, F. 2008. Selvicultura de Populus spp. e híbridos. Populicultura . Pp. 553-586 in R. Serrada, G. Montero, G. and J. Reque (Eds). Compendio de Selvicultura Aplicado en España. Instituo Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, Madrid, Spain.


September 15 th

Strategies for climate change mitigation and adaptation

Trade-offs between goods and services in Mediterranean pine Reforestation




Cañellas, I., Sánchez-González, M., Bogiono, S.M., Adame, P., Herrero, C., Roig, S., Tomé, M., Paulos, J.A., Bravo, F. 2008. Silviculture and Carbon Sequestration in Mediterranean Oak Forests. Pp. 317-338 in F. Bravo, V. LeMay, K. Gadow, and R. Jandl (eds.). Managing Forest Ecosystems: The Challenge of Climate Change.

Río, M. del, Barbeito, I., Bravo-Oviedo, A., Calama, R., Cañellas, I., Herrero, C., Bravo, F. 2008. Carbon Sequestration in Mediterranean Pine Forests. Pp. 221-245 in F. Bravo, V. LeMay, K. Gadow, and R. Jandl (eds.). Managing Forest Ecosystems: The Challenge of Climate Change.






WIFI ACCESS:


Activity part of the postgraduate programs (master and PhD):
Conservación y Uso Sostenible de Sistemas Forestales
www.medfor.eu www.research4forestry.eu

Partners:





cantabria.es, gobierno de cantabria







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