Hydroelectric Generating Plants in Chile



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Chile has four separate electric systems: the Sistema Interconectado Central (SIC), which serves the central part of the county; the Sistema Interconectado del Norte Grande (SING), which serves the desert mining regions in the north; and the Aysen and Magallanes systems, which serve small areas of the extreme southern part of the country. The systems are mostly autonomous, as long distances between the four make integration difficult. Transelec controls almost the entire national transmission grid that serves the four systems. In August 2006, Hydro-Quebec sold its majority stake in Transelec to a consortium of private investors.

Of the four electricity systems, the largest is the SIC, which covers the major population centers surrounding Santiago and serves over 90 percent of all electricity customers. In the SIC, the most important player is Enersis, majority owned by Spain’s Endesa. Enersis holds controlling stakes of both the largest generating company, Endesa, and the largest distribution company, Chilectra, which serves about half of Chile’s population.





Hydroelectric Generating Plants in Chile
(10 MWe and greater)


Generating Facility

Owner

Location

Capacity
(MWe)


Region

River

Pehuenche

Pehuenche SA

Maule

Melado, Maule

500

Pangue

Pangue SA

Bío-Bío

Bío-Bío

467

Colbún

Colbún SA

Maule

Maule

400

El Toro

Endesa-Chile

Bío-Bío

Laja

400

Rapel

Endesa-Chile

Liberator

Rapel

350

Antuco

Endesa-Chile

Bío-Bío

Laja

300

Cordillera

AES Gener SA

n/a

n/a

256

Rucúe

Colbún SA

Bío-Bío

Laja

166

Alfalfal

AES Gener SA

Metropolitan

Maipo

160

Canutillar

Endesa-Chile

Los Lagos

n/a

145

Abanico

Endesa-Chile

Bío-Bío

Laja

136

Cipreses

Endesa-Chile

Maule

Maule

101

Machicura

Colbún SA

Maule

Maule

  90

Currilinque

Pehuenche SA

Maule

Maule

  85

Sauzal

Endesa-Chile

Libertador

Cachapoal

  77

Peuchén

Ibener SA

Bío-Bío

Duqueco

  75

Aconcagua

Aconcagua SA

Valparaíso

Aconcagua

  73

Isla

Endesa-Chile

Maule

Maule

  68

Mampil

Ibener SA

Bío-Bío

Duqueco

  49

Pullinque

Pilmaiquén SA

Los Lagos

Valdivia

  49

Queltehues

AES Gener SA

Metropolitan

Maipo

  41

Los Quilos

Aconcagua SA

Valparaíso

Aconcagua

  39

Pilmaiquén

Scudder
Latin America
Power Fund

Los Lagos

Pilmaiquén

  39

Loma Alta

Pehuenche SA

Maule

Maule

  38

Pangal

Corp. Nacional
Cobred de Chile

Los Lagos

Pangal

  35

Coya

Corp. Nacional
Cobred de Chile

Libertador

Cachapoal

  34

San Ignacio

Colbún SA

Maule

Maule

  33

Maitenes

AES Gener SA

Metropolitan

Maipo

  31

Florida

SC del Maipo

Metropolitan

Maipo

  28

Chacabuquito

Hidroelectrica
Guardia Vieja SA

Valparaíso

Aconcagua

  25

Los Molles

Endesa-Chile

Coquimbo

Los Molles

  16

Puntilla

E.E. Puntilla SA

Metropolitan

n/a

  15

Volcán

AES Gener SA

Metropolitan

El Volcán

  13

Carbomet

Carbomet

Metropolitan

n/a

  11

Capullo

E.E. Capullo

Los Lagos

Rahue

  11

Chapiquina

Empresa Electrica
del Norte Grande SA

n/a

n/a

  10

Sauzalito

Endesa-Chile

Libertador

n/a

  10

n/a - not available


Sources: CNE; Utility Data Institute
Hydroelectric Generating Plants in Chile
(Planned or Under Construction)


Generating Facility

Owner

Location

Capacity
(MWe)


Status

Region

River

Ralco

Endesa-Chile

Bío-Bío

Bío-Bío

570

Construction
(startup in 2003)

Alumysa-Cuervo

Noranda

Aysén

Cuervo

434

Planned

Alumysa-Blanco

Noranda

Aysén

Blanco

280

Planned

n/a

Pacific Hydro,
Lahmeyer

Libertador

n/a

240

Planned

Huequecura

Endesa-Chile

Bío-Bío

Bío-Bío

150

Planned

Rucatayo

Empresa Electrica
Puyehue SA

Los Lagos

n/a

  61

Planned

Alumysa-Cóndor

Noranda

Aysén

Cóndor

  44

Planned

Lago Atravesado

Empresa Electrica
de Aysén SA

Aysén

n/a

  11

Construction
(startup in 2003)

n/a - not available


Sources: Utility Data Institute; Noranda

Thermal-Electric Power Plants in Chile
(20 MWe and greater)


Generating Facility

Owner

Location
(Region)


Fuel

Capacity
(MWe)


Conventional Thermal Power Plants

Tocopilla

Electroandina SA

Antofagasta

Coal, Oil

549

Mejillones

Edelnor SA

Antofagasta

Coal

341

Ventanas

AES Gener SA

Valparaíso

Coal

338

Guacolda

Empresa Electrica Guacolda SA

Atacama

Coal

300

Norgener

AES Gener SA

Antofagasta

Coal

276

Bocamina

Endesa-Chile

Bío-Bío

Coal

125

Renca

AES Gener SA

Metropolitan

Oil

100

Talcahueno Refinery *

Petropower Energía Ltda.

Bío-Bío

Petroleum Coke

  68

Laguna Verde

AES Gener SA

Valparaíso

Coal

  55

Gas Turbine Combined Cycle

Nopel

Nopel SA

Antofagasta

Natural Gas

480

Tocopilla

Electroandina SA

Antofagasta

Natural Gas

400

Nehuenco

Colbún SA

Valparaíso

Natural Gas

372

San Isidro

Endesa-Chile

Valparaíso

Natural Gas

370

Mejillones

Edelnor SA

Antofagasta

Natural Gas

250

Taltal

Endesa-Chile

n/a

Natural Gas

240

Nueva Renca

AES Gener SA

Metropolitan

Natural Gas

227

Paposo

Endesa-Chile

Antofagasto

Natural Gas

120

Gas Turbine Simple (Single) Cycle

Pan de Azucar

Endesa-Chile

Atacama

Oil

225

Charrua

Endesa-Chile

Bío-Bío

Oil

197

Valdivia

Endesa-Chile

Los Lagos

Oil

100

San Pedro

Colbún SA

Valparaíso

Oil

  80

Tocopilla

Electroandina SA

Antofagasta

Natural Gas

  80

Huasco

Endesa-Chile

Atacama

Natural Gas

  65

Guacolda

Empresa Electrica Guacolda SA

Atacama

Natural Gas

  28

Bocamina

Endesa-Chile

Bío-Bío

Oil

  24

Diego de Almagro

Endesa-Chile

Atacama

Oil

  24

Iquique

Edelnor SA

Tarapacá

Oil

  24

Barquito *

Corp. Nacional Cobre de Chile

Atacama

Oil

  23

Diesel Engine

Quebrada Blanca *

Cia Minera Quebrada Blanca SA

Antofagasta

Oil

  47

Iquique

Edelnor SA

Tarapacá

Oil

  36

Antofagasta

Edelnor SA

Antofagasta

Oil

  21

Mantos Blancos *

Compañía Minera Mantos Blancos

Atacama

Oil

  21

Maria Elena *

Soc. Química Minera de Chile

Antofagasta

Oil

  21

note: "conventional thermal" means boiler + steam turbine


* Cogeneration facility
Sources: Utility Data Institute; Endesa
Thermal-Electric Generating Plants in Chile
(Planned or Under Construction)


Generating Facility

Owner

Location
(Region)


Fuel

Capacity
(MWe)


Status

Conventional Thermal Power Plants

Concon Refinery *

Petropower Energía Ltda.

Metropolitan

Petroleum Coke

  75

Planned

Laga Mill *

Empresas CMPC SA

Bío-Bío

Biomass (?)

  42

Planned

Pacífico Mill *

Empresas CMPC SA

Araucanía

Biomass (?)

  38

Planned

Gas Turbine Combined Cycle

Coloso

Electroandino SA

Antofagasta

Natural Gas

400

Construction

Nehuenco

Colbún SA

Valparaíso

Natural Gas

255

Planned

Paposo

Endesa-Chile

Antofagasta

Natural Gas

240

Construction

note: "conventional thermal" means boiler + steam turbine


* Cogenerating facility
Sources: Utility Data Institute; CMPC
http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/library/national_energy_grid/chile/EnergyOverviewofChile.shtml

http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/library/national_energy_grid/chile/chilieannationalelectricitygrid.shtml

http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/Chile/Electricity.html


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