La Ropa Verbos La Ropa



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La Ropa

Verbos La Ropa

Accept

Be fashionable

Be on sale

Be made of

Borrow

Button

Buy

Change

Charge

Choose

Exchange

Fit

Get dressed

Go shopping

Lend

Look good on

Put on clothes

Put on Perfume

Put on Make up

Return an item

Rip or tear

Ruin

Sell

Show off

stain

Take off

Tie

Try on

undress

Unbutton

Untie

Wear

Window shop

Aceptar

Estar de moda

Estar en venta

Ser de


Tomar prestado

Abotonorse

Comprar

Cambiarse



Cobrar

Elegir/escoger

Intercambiar

Quedar(verb like gustar)

Vestirse(e to i he/they pret)

Ir de compras

Dar prestado

Quedar bien(gustar verb)

Ponerse

Perfumarse



Maquillarse

Devolver


Romper

Arruinar


Vender

Lucir


mancharse

Quitarse


Atarse

Probarse


desvestirse

Desabotonarse

Desatarse

Llevar


Echar un vistazo


Belt

Blouse

Boots

Bracelet

Button

Clothes

Collar

Earrings

fabric

Fashion

Glasses

gloves

Jewelry

Make up

Necklace

Pajamas

Pocket

Purse

raincoat

Ring

Sandals

Skirt

Sleeves

Socks

Suit

Sweater

Sweatshirt

Tie

Underwear

Vest

Wallet

Watch

zipper


El cinturon

La blusa


Las botas

La pulsera

El boton

La ropa


El collar

Los aretes

La tela

La moda


Los lentes

Los guantes

Las joyas

El maquillaje

El collar

Las pijamas

El bolsillo

La bolsa


El impermeable

El anillo

Las sandalias

La falda


Las mangas

Los calcetines

El traje

El sueter

La sudadera

La corbata

La ropa interior/calzoncillos

El chaleco

La cartera

El reloj


La cremallera



La Tienda de Ropa Tela(fabric) y adjectivos

Buying/purchase

Cash

Changing room

Check

Counter

Credit card

Fabric

Manager

Payment

Price

Receipt

Sale

Salesperson

Size

La compra

El efectivo

El probador

El cheque

El mostrador

La tarjeta de credito

La tela
El/la gerente

El pago


El precio

El recibo

La venta

El ayudante

La talla


Cheap

Comfortable

Cotton

Expensive

fashionable

Flowery

Leather

long

Loose

Narrow

Polka-dotted

Polyester

Silk

short

Stripped

Tight

Uncomfortable

Wide

Wool

barat@

comod@


el algodon

car@


de moda

de flores

de cuero

larg@


floj@

estrch@


de lunares

poliester

seda

cort@


de rayas

apretad@


incomod@

anch@


de lana

Indirect Objects(to someone, for someone)

  1. The indirect object answers the question "To whom?" or "For whom?" the action of the verb is performed. The idea of "TO SOMEONE/FOR SOMEONE" is embedded .

Required part Optional part

me (me)………………….…..a mi


te (you-familiar)……………..a ti

le (him, her, you-formal)…….a él/ella

nos (us)………………………a nosotros
les (them, you-all-formal)……a ellos/ustedes

Ex: They give the money to me. “to me” is the indirect object.=Ellos me dan el dinero (a mi)

I give the money to her.=Yo le doy el dinero (a ella).

Notice that you always conjugate the verb for the person doing the action. The indirect object is the person who receives an object(direct object)

The "a mi, a ti...a él..a nosotros...a ellos" part is OPTIONAL. It is used to clarify and make clear that they are different from a direct object (me, te, nos) part. You only need to learn the required part.



Direct and Indirect Objects in the same sentences

Direct Objects Direct Objects after Preps Indirect Objects(TO/FOR SOMEONE)

(a sin de por para en con sobre)



Me=me

Te=you


Lo=him/it

La=her/it

Us=nos

Them/you all=los/las



Mi=me

Ti=you


Él=him/it

Ella=her/it

Nosotros=us

Ellos=them

Ustedes=you all


Me….a mi=to/for me

Te…..a ti=to/for you

Le….a él/a ella/a usted

=to/for him/her/you

Nos…a nosotros

=to/for us

Les…a ellos/ustedes

=to/for them/you all



  1. If a sentence has a direct object(me, te, lo, la, nos, los, las) together with an indirect object(me..a mi, te..a ti, le..a él, nos..a nosotros, les..a ellos), the indirect object(me, te, le, nos, les) is first, then the direct object.

Ex: He give it to me. =Él me lo da a mi.

Ex: They say it to us. =Ellos nos lo dicen a nosotros.

Ex: I show it to you.=Yo te lo muestro a ti.


  1. But, you can’t “le..lo/la/los/las” in Spanish or “les..lo/la/los/las” You have to change the “le/les” to “se”!

Ex: I give it to him=Yo le lo doy a él..becomes Yo se lo doy a él. She give it to them.=Ella les lo da a ellos becomes Ella se lo da a ellos

Video Links(also found on blog under "video grammar explanations)

double object 1

double object 2

R.I.D.

Reflexive, Indirect Object Pronoun, Direct Object Pronoun

a) When there are two object pronouns in a sentence, they will appear in the R.I.D.

order: reflexive, indirect, and direct.

b)Two is the maximum number of pronouns that can occur in a sentence together.

The combinations that may occur are reflexive-indirect (rare), reflexive-direct, or

indirect-direct.

c) Keep in mind that object pronouns are used in referring to previously mentioned

information in paragraphs and conversations.

Reflexive-Direct

Me lo pongo. Tus uñas son bonitas. ¿Te las pintas a menudo?

I put it on. Your fingernails are pretty. Do you paint them often?

Indirect-Direct

Sara me los mandó. Me lo dijo. Te las venden.



Sara sent them to me. She said it to me. They sell them to you.
If both the direct and indirect object pronouns occur together in the third person

(lo, la, los, las – le, les), then change the indirect object pronoun to se.

Manolo le vendió el carro a Gloria. Lucas les regaló las flores a Los Garcia.

Manolo se lo vendió. Él se las regaló.


You can't "le + lo/la/los/las" or "les + lo/la/los/las". These combinations are not possible. You have to change the "le" to "se"

Simple future (will/might)

  1. Will/might---Leave the verb alone (don’t conjugate it)and add the endings!!!!! Ex: yo hablaré

Yo é

Tú ás


Ella á

Nosotros emos

Ellos án

Ex: I will go=iré, You will eat=comerás, he will sleep=dormirá, we will see=veremos, they will drink=beberán



Verbs with irregular future stems: (Remember that this same stem is used to form the conditional.)

decir

dir-

to say

hacer

har-

to make, do

poder

podr-

to be able

poner

pondr-

to put, place, set

querer

querr-

to want, love

saber

sabr-

to know [a fact], know how [+ infinitive]

salir

saldr-

to leave, go out

tener

tendr-

to have

valer

valdr-

to be worth

venir

vendr-

to come


Conditional (would)

  1. Would---Leave the verb alone (don’t conjugate it)and add the endings!!!!! Ex: yo hablaría

Yo ía

Tú ías


Ella ía

Nosotros íamos

Ellos ían

Ex: I will go=iría, they would buy=ellos comprarían



Verbs with irregular future stems: (Remember that this same stem is used to form the conditional.)

decir

dir-

to say

hacer

har-

to make, do

poder

podr-

to be able

poner

pondr-

to put, place, set

querer

querr-

to want, love

saber

sabr-

to know [a fact], know how [+ infinitive]

salir

saldr-

to leave, go out

tener

tendr-

to have

valer

valdr-

to be worth

venir

vendr-

to come



Subjunctive in PRESENT Tense
Step 1---conjugate the verb for an "usted command", yo form of verb, take off "o" add opposite ending.

Step 2---add the correct endings to the "usted command"
Comer--Ex: Yo coma, tú comas, él/ella/usted coma, nosotros comamos, ellos coman

Hablar--Ex: Yo hable, tú hables, él/ella/usted hable, nosotros hablemos, ellos hablen



1) You use the subjunctive when you are using these verbs.

a) recomendar b) sugerir (e to ie in present) c) aconsejar(advise) d) querer(e to ie in present) e) necesitar f) preferir(e to ie in present)

2) To use the subjunctive there must be 2 different subjects. One person wants/needs and the other does the action.

3) The subjunctive always happens after the “que” in the 2nd part of the sentences. Ex: yo normal verb que subjunctive verb

Ex: I need you to eat=Yo necesito que tú comas.




Verbs like Gustar

aburrir=to be boring to fastidiar(molestar)=annoy/bug/bother

bastar=to be enough importar=to matter, to care

encantar=to love interesar=be interested in/interesting to

faltar=to lack/need parecer=to seem

ir=go quedar=to fit/look good on

salir=to turn out
(a mi) me

(a ti) te

(a él) le gusta(1 item) OR gustan(2 or more items)

(a nosotros) nos

(a ellos) les

Remember: a) the indirect object is on the left of the verb and represents the person b) the conjugation of the verb is determined by the thing/object, whether there is one or more than one c) when a sentence has an “it” or “them” in it, with one of the verbs like gustar, you do not use “lo/la, los/las”. The verb ending itself “a/an” takes care of the “it/them”. …it is implied by the verb ending only.




POR/PARA

The meaning changes depending on the sentences/contexts. Below are the possible interpretations.

Por Para

(by)=transport/produced by

Yo voy por tren=

I go by train
It is written by Jack.

Es escrito por Jack

_______________________

(through/along)

Yo camino por el bosque.

I walk through the forest


Yo camino por la calle.

I walk along the street.

________________________

(for)=duration of time

Yo estudié por 3 horas.

I studied for 3 hours

_________________________

(due to/because of)=reason

Estoy nervioso por el examen.

I am nervious because of the test.

_________________________

(around)=imprecise time

Yo voy a España por julio.

I am going to Spain around July

_____________________

(for)=exchange an item for another


Yo te doy x por y.

I give you x for x

___________________________

(for)=in someone's place/on behalf of

Yo voy a trabajar por ella hoy.

I am going to work for her today.

________________________

(per)


Puedes comprar 1 par de zapatos por persona.

You can buy 1 pair of shoes per person.

____________________________

General expressions you should know with "por"

a) por ejemplo=for example

b) gracias por=thanks for


(in order to/to)

Yo estudio para aprender.

I study to/in order to learn

__________________________


(For)-purpose..x is for/used for

Este vaso es para el agua.

This glass is for the water

_______________________

(to)--a destination

Yo voy para Madrid

I am going to Madrid

________________________

(by)--a deadline

Yo tengo que hacer la tarea para lunes.

I have to do the homework by Monday.

________________________

(for)--opinion

Para ella, Portland es una ciudad bonita.

________________________

(for)--a destination, receiver

Yo tengo dinero para ti.

I have money for you.

_______________________

(for)--who you work for

Yo trabajo para ella.

I work for her (she is my boss)





P.E.R.F.E.C.T.=Para


  • Purpose: “in order to”: used together with an infinitive.

  • Effect that something has on something else.

  • Recipient

  • Future dates, deadlines, or events

  • Employment

  • Comparison

  • To a specific place

A.T.R.A.C.T.E.D.=Por

  • Around a place

  • Reason..due to

  • After, as in “going to get something” ..ir por

  • Cost

  • Thanks..gracias por

  • Exchange

  • Duration






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