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E1930

V2


ANNEXES

LIST OF ANNEXES

Annex 1 World Bank Group, Environmental, Health, and Safety Guidelines: Telecommunications, Environmental, Occupational Health and Safety, Community Health and Safety (April 30, 2007)

Annex 2 EBRD Sub-Sectoral Environmental Guidelines for Telecommunications

Annex 3 World Bank Safeguard Polices

Annex 4 Geographic Information System Maps

Annex 5 Inventory of International Best Practice for Managing Environmental Impacts in the Telecommunications Sector

Annex 6 Rapid Environmental Valorization (Valoración Ambiental Rápida or VAR)

Annex 7 Protocol for Establishing Telecommunications Facilities in Costa Rica

Annex 8 Measures for Mitigating Environmental and Social Impacts

Annex 9 Environmental and Social Assessment Manual for Subprojects Funded by FONATEL

Annex 10 Sample Language of Environmental Contract Clauses

Annex 11 World Bank Environmental Site Sensitivity Compliance Criteria

Annex 12 Content of an Environmental Monitoring Report

Annex 13 Guidelines for Regulations for Environmental Protection in the Telecommunications Sector

Annex 14 Photo Log of the Environmental Assessment during ERM site visit (June 2007)

Annex 15 Data Sources

Annex 16 Indigenous Peoples Planning Framework (IPPF)

Annex 1

World Bank Group Environmental, Health, and Safety Guidelines: Telecommunications, Environmental, Occupational Health and Safety, Community Health and Safety (April 30, 2007)

Annex 2

EBRD Sub-Sectoral Environmental Guidelines for Telecommunications

ANNEX 3

World Bank Safeguard Policies

ANNEX 4
Geographic Information System Maps
Map 1. Topography of Costa Rica


Map 2. Rivers in Costa Rica


Map 3. Land Cover, Costa Rica, 2005



Map 4. Wetlands, Mangroves and Protected Areas, Costa Rica



Map 5. Protected Areas, Costa Rica


Map 6. Technical risk Assessment Map, Costa Rica



Map 7. Technical Risk Assessment Map, Zoom on the Central Valley




ANNEX 5

Inventory of International Best Practice for Managing Environmental Impacts in the Telecommunications Sector

TABLE OF CONTENTS



1 inventory of international best practice for managing environmental impacts in the telecommunications sector 6

1.1 Sustainability Context 6

1.2 International Best Practice 6

1.3 Telecommunications Infrastructure 7



1.3.1 Site Selection for Towers 7

1.3.2 Tower Co-location/Sharing and Siting 9

1.3.3 Tower Design and Landscaping Criteria 9

1.3.4 Tower Height 10

1.3.5 Guy Wires 11

1.4 Environmental Impacts 11



1.4.1 Protected Areas 11

1.4.2 Lighting 11

1.4.3 Air Emissions 12

1.4.4 Hazardous Materials Management 12

1.5 Social Impacts 13



1.5.1 Indigenous Peoples 13

1.5.2 Noise 13

1.5.3 Occupational Health and Safety 13

1.6 Environmental and Social Monitoring 14

1.7 Public Consultation and Communication 14

1.8 Cell Phones Interference with Aircraft Navigation Systems 15

1.9 Impacts of Electromagnetic Waves on Human Health 15

1.9.1 Background 16

1.9.2 Summary of Literature Review 16

1.9.3 Conclusions 17

Site Selection 27

Antenna Siting 28

Tower design and Landscaping Criteria 29

Environmental, Socioeconomic and Occupational Health Monitoring 29

Disclosure and Public Consultation 30

Tower Decommissioning 31

Measures for Mitigating Environmental, Socio-Economic and OHS IMpacts 33



1 Introduction 58

1.1 Purpose and Organization of this Manual 58

1.2 Overview of the Subproject Evaluation, Categorization, and Appraisal Process 59

1.2.1 Evaluation Criteria 59

1.2.2 Evaluation of Site Criteria 60

1.2.3 Categorization 61

1.2.4 Appraisal 61

1.3 Disclosure of Subproject Information 62



2 Environmental and Social Criteria for Evaluating Proposed Site Locations 64

2.1 Rapid Environmental Valorization 64

2.2 World Bank Environmental Site Sensitivity Compliance Criteria 66

3 Monitoring of Environtmental and Social Impacts of SubProjects 67

3.1 Monitoring Environmental and Social Impacts of Subprojects 70

3.2 Reporting on Environmental and Social Performance of Subprojects 71

3.3 Relevant Environmental and Social Standards 72



3.3.1 World Bank Group, Environmental, Health, and Safety Guidelines (April 30, 2007) 72

3.3.2 EBRD Sub-Sectoral Environmental Guidelines for Telecommunications 73

4 cONTRACTUAL eNVIRONMENTAL Requirements AND IMPLEMENTATION Protocols 74

4.1 Contractual Environmental Arrangements 74

4.2 Implementation Protocols 74

5 Guidelines for The Environmental Management of Telecommunications Projects 75

5.1 Purpose of an Environmental Management Plan 75

5.2 Contents of an Environmental Management Plan 76

5.2.1 Summary of Impacts 76

5.2.2 Description of Mitigation Measures 76

5.2.3 Description of Monitoring Program 76

5.2.4 Roles and Responsibilities 78

5.2.5 Budget 78

6 international best practice for managing environmental and SOCIAL impacts in the telecommunications sector 79

6.1 Sustainability Context 79

6.2 International Best Practice 79

6.3 Telecommunications Infrastructure 80



6.3.1 Site Selection for Towers 80

6.3.2 Tower Co-location/Sharing and Siting 81

6.3.3 Tower Design and Landscaping Criteria 81

6.3.4 Tower Height 82

6.3.5 Guy Wires 83

6.4 Environmental Impacts 83



6.4.1 Protected Areas 83

6.4.2 Lighting 84

6.4.3 Air Emissions 84

6.4.4 Hazardous Materials Management 84

6.5 Social Impacts 85



6.5.1 Indigenous Peoples 85

6.5.2 Noise 85

6.5.3 Occupational Health and Safety 85

6.6 Environmental and Social Monitoring 86

6.7 Public Consultation and Communication 87

7 aPPENDICES 88

SETENA Project Categorization and Appraisal Process 91

World Bank Environmental Site Sensitivity Compliance Criteria 96

Applicable Environmental Regulatory Requirements in Costa Rica 119

Applicable Health And Safety Regulatory Requirements in Costa Rica 123

Environmental Contract Clauses 126

Site Selection 132

Antenna Siting 133

Tower design and Landscaping Criteria 134

Environmental, Socio-economic and Occupational Health Monitoring 134

Disclosure and Public Consultation 135

Tower Decommissioning 135

7.1 Mitigation 136

7.2 Monitoring 137

Institutional Strengthening and Training for Implementation 138

7.3 Scheduling and Reporting 138

Service Interim Guidelines for Recommendations on Communications Tower Siting, Construction, Operation, and Decommissioning 139

Policies and Guidelines 141

7.4 Reports 142

7.5 Websites 142

Environmental Contract Clauses 144

World Bank Environmental Site Sensitivity Compliance Criteria 149



1. Requisitos para los planes de contingencia 162

7.6 Elementos regulatorios 162

7.7 Contenido mínimo propuesto 163

7.7.1 Introducción 163

7.7.2 Información general de la Empresa 163

7.7.3 Definiciones 164

7.7.4 Diagnóstico 164

7.7.5 Mapa de riesgos asociados 166

7.7.6 Organización administrativa de la Emergencia 166

7.7.7 Recursos 167

7.7.8 Planes específicos a seguir durante la Emergencia 167

7.7.9 Croquis y planos 168

7.7.10 Evaluación del Plan 168

7.7.11 Cronograma 169

2. Recomendaciones para la implementación de las regulaciones a nivel nacional y local 169

2.1 Recomendaciones a futuro 169

7.8 Recomendaciones a nivel reglamentario según marco jurídico vigente 170

1. List of References 189



2. Methodology used for gathering Baseline Information on Migratory Birds Corridors 191


Appendices
Appendix A List of references
Appendix B United States Fish and Wildlife Service Voluntary Guidelines for Telecommunication Towers


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