Nombre: 3h u 1 L 2 Vocabulario: ¡Vamos a la playa!



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Nombre: ___________________________ 3H U 1 L 2 Vocabulario: ¡Vamos a la playa! http://www.leehansen.com/coloring/seasons/thumbs/beach-funth.gif



  1. Para hablar de la familia

el apellido ……………………………………..…….. last name

el (la) bebé……………………………………..…….. baby, infant

el (la) bisabuelo(a) ……………………………………..…….. great-grandfather / great-grandmother

el (la) biznieto(a) ……………………………………..…….. great-grandson / great-granddaughter

el (la) cuñado(a) ……………………………………..…….. brother-in-law / sister-in-law

el (la) esposo(a) ……………………………………..…….. husband; wife; spouse

la madrina ……………………………………..…….. godmother

el matrimonio ……………………………………..…….. marriage; married couple

el (la) nieto(a) ……………………………………..…….. grandson / granddaughter

el (la) novio(a) ……………………………………..…….. boyfriend / girlfriend / fiancé / fiancée

la nuera ……………………………………..…….. daughter-in-law

el padrino ……………………………………..…….. godfather

el pariente ……………………………………..…….. relative

el (la) sobrino(a) ……………………………………..…….. nephew / niece

el (la) suegro(a) ……………………………………..…….. father-in-law / mother-in-law

el yerno……………………………………..…….. son-in-law

enamorarse (de) ……………………………………..…….. to fall in love (with)


  1. Para describir un lugar

la arena ……………………………………..…….. sand

la brisa……………………………………..…….. breeze

el calor agobiante……………………………………..…….. stifling heat

el caracol……………………………………..…….. shell

hacer fresco ……………………………………..…….. to be cool (weather)

la orilla……………………………………..…….. shore

el puerto……………………………………..…….. port

la sombrilla……………………………………..…….. parasol

ver el amanecer……………………………………..…….. to watch the sunrise

ver la puesta del sol……………………………………..…….. to watch the sunset


  1. Los viajes y el transporte

el carro / el coche……………………………………..…….. car

la casa rodante……………………………………..…….. RV

conducir ……………………………………..…….. to drive

manejar ……………………………………..…….. to drive

la cubierta……………………………………..…….. deck (of boat)

la escapada ……………………………………..…….. getaway

hacer un crucero……………………………………..…….. to go on a cruise


  1. Para hablar de actividades y habilidades

en absoluto ……………………………………..…….. literally, absolutely. Usually used with “No” or a negative to mean “not at all” as in, No me importa en absoluto = I don’t care at all.
la canoa ……………………………………..…….. canoe

el chaleco salvavidas……………………………………..…….. life vest / life jacket

la moto acuática……………………………………..…….. personal watercraft

el (la) surfista……………………………………..…….. surfer

la tabla de surf……………………………………..…….. surfboard

el velero ……………………………………..…….. sailboat

el voleibol playero……………………………………..…….. beach volleyball

juntarse ……………………………………..…….. to get together with

mantener (el equilibrio) ……………………………………..…….. to keep (one’s balance)

marearse ……………………………………..…….. to get seasick / to become dizzy

merendar ……………………………………..…….. to have a snack

pararse ……………………………………..…….. to stand up

parecerse a (alguien) ……………………………………..…….. to look like (someone), to be like (someone) (te pareces mucho a mi prima (you look a lot like my cousin!)

recoger ……………………………………..…….. to pick up, collect

recostarse ……………………………………..…….. to lie down

refrescarse ……………………………………..…….. to cool down

refugiarse ……………………………………..…….. to take refuge from

reunirse ……………………………………..…….. to get together, to meet


Gramática: El Pretérito y el Imperfecto
El Imperfecto

You already know two tenses that refer to the past, the preterite ​and ​​ the imperfect. ​How is each tense used? ​​

Here’s how: ​

• Use the ​preterite tense ​to describe an action or series of actions completed ​​ in the past. ​

Aquel día, Pedro fue ​a la playa ​​y jugó ​al voleibol playero. ​​=

That day, Pedro went ​to the beach ​​ and played ​beach volleyball. ​​(both completed actions that day)

• Use the ​imperfect tense ​for ongoing actions or states of being in the past ​​without focusing on their beginning or end. Always use the imperfect to say ​what time it was or what the weather was like in the past. ​

Elena siempre iba ​a la playa ​​cuando hacía ​buen tiempo. ​​=

Elena always used to go ​to the beach ​​when the weather was ​nice. ​​

• Sometimes you need the imperfect ​and the preterite ​in the same sentence. ​​

Use the imperfect ​to tell what was going on in the background. ​​

Use the preterite ​for the interrupting action or main event. ​​

Yo nadaba ​cuando Pedrollegó ​​a la playa. ​=I was swimming when Pedro arrived to the beach

El Imperfecto:

You learned to use the preterite tense to talk about actions completed in the past. The imperfect tense describes events that occurred in the past:

The imperfect is used:

To speak about background events in a story

To talk about something you used to do as a habit

To speak about how old someone was

To say what time it was

To form the imperfect tense, you take the root of the verb (before the –ar, -er, or –ir ending) drop the ending, then add the following:


AR VERBS ER/ IR VERBS







































Cantar: Tener:
















































































Ser

Ir




















Ver


Preterite vs. Imperfect: Telling the difference

Preterite

Imperfect

  1. Actions or events completed in the past.

Juan habló por dos horas.
Juan spoke two hours.
(action completed)

  1. For actions that can be viewed as single events

Las chicas compraron unas paletas: The girls bought some popcicles.

  1. For actions that were repeated a specific number of times

Mi familia y yo fuimos dos veces a Wildwood.

My family and I went to Wildwood two times.



  1. For actions that occurred during a specific period of time: Elena bailó toda la noche: Elena danced all night.

  2. For actions that were part of a chain of events

Ella se cayó en el piso y se lastimó la pierna.

  1. To state the beginning or the end of an action

Terminé la tarea.

  1. Changes in physical or mental state

Me enfermé del estómago. - I got sick to my stomach.

  1. Stating an event at a specific time:

La fiesta empezó a las diez.

These words and phrases signify specific times, and therefore are preterite triggers:

ayer (yesterday)
anteayer (the day before yesterday)
anoche (last night)
desde el primer momento (from the first moment)
durante dos siglos (for two centuries)
el otro día (the other day)
en ese momento (at that moment)
entonces (then)
esta mañana (this morning)
esta tarde (this afternoon)
la semana pasada (last week)
el mes pasado (last month)
el año pasado (last year)
hace dos días, años (two days, years ago)
ayer por la mañana (yesterday morning)
ayer por la tarde (yesterday afternoon)


  1. Ongoing actions or conditions in the past, without focusing on beginning or end. For actions that were repeated habitually

Las chicas hablaban en inglés. The girls used to speak / were speaking in English. (no definite beginning or end)

  1. For actions that "set the stage" for another past action

Yo leía cuando mi madre volvió a casa. I was reading when my mother returned home/

Yo hacía la tarea cuando sonó el teléfono: I was doing my homework when the phone rang.



  1. For telling time

Eran las cinco cuando empezó a llover (It was 5 o’clock when it started to rain)

  1. For talking about weather in the past:

Hacía sol y no estaba nublado.

  1. For stating one's age

Mi abuela tenía diez años cuando conoció a mi abuelo.

  1. For mental states (usually)

Yo no me sentía bien. - I didn't feel well.
No sabíamos quién era. - We didn't know who it was.
Estaban muy enojados. - They were very angry.

  1. For physical sensations (usually)

Ramón tenía miedo de hablar en público.
Ramón was afraid to speak in public.

Me gustaba el coche. I liked the car. (The car was pleasing to me.)



  1. To describe the characteristics of people, things or conditions

El hombre era alto y tenía el pelo negro. The man was tall and had black hair.

These words and phrases indicate repetitive, vague or non-specific time frames, and therefore signal the use of the imperfect.

a menudo (often)
a veces (sometimes)
cada día (every day)
cada semana (every week)
cada mes (every month)
cada año (every year)
con frecuencia (frequently)
de vez en cuando (from time to time)
en aquella época (at that time in the past)
frecuentemente (frequently)
generalmente (usually)
muchas veces (many times)
mucho (a lot)
nunca (never)
por un rato (for awhile)
siempre (always)
tantas veces (so many times)
todas las semanas (every week)
todos los días (every day)
todo el tiempo (all the time)
varias veces (several times)

*studyspanish.com



Special meanings in the preterite:

Conocer, Querer, Saber, Poder, Tener!

Conocer : MET! Conocí a Juan hace cinco años. I met Juan five years ago.


(completed action)

En aquella época conocíamos muy bien la ciudad. At that time we knew the city very well. (no definite beginning or end)

Querer: TRIED! María quiso comprar la casa. Maria tried to buy the house. (completed action)

Juan quería comprar la casa. Juan wanted to buy the house. (no definite beginning or end)

No querer: REFUSED! María no quiso comprar la casa. Maria refused to buy the house.

(completed action)

Juan no quería comprar la casa. Juan did not want to buy the house.(no definite beginning or end)

Saber: FOUND OUT! María lo supo ayer. Maria found out yesterday. (completed action)

Juan sabía que María estudiaba. Juan knew that Maria was studying.
(no definite beginning or end)

Poder: SUCCEEDED IN! María pudo levantar la mesa. Maria succeeded in lifting the table.


(completed action)

Juan podía participar en el concierto. Juan was able to participate in the concert.


(no definite beginning or end)

Tener: RECEIVED! María tuvo una carta de su mamá. Maria received a letter from her mom.


(completed action)

Juan tenía un coche nuevo. Juan used to have a new car. (no definite beginning or end)

*studyspanish.com
Práctica con el imperfecto


  1. When I was little, I didn’t like the stifling heat at the beach.

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  1. My great-grandmother used to cook delicious food for my dad.

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  1. The bride and groom (couple) sat on the sand and watched the sunset.

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  1. Your godparents bought you excellent gifts for your baptism!

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  1. My grandparents had more than 5 great-grandchildren!

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  1. When my great-grandmother was little, her family was poor, but they were happy.

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  1. Last week all my relatives came to the party to celebrate my birthday.

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  1. The girl fell in love with a boy while she was on a cruise.

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  1. Every summer my family and I gathered berries at the lake house.

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  1. The children always used the life vest when they were in the water.

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  1. The boys were playing beach volleyball when it started to rain!

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  1. The sisters looked a lot alike!

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  1. I returned from the beach, left my sandals by the door, and got into the shower! ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________





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