DEL CONSEJO PERMANENTE DE LA ORGANIZACIÓN
CELEBRADA EL 29 DE AGOSTO DE 2008
Se ruega a las misiones permanentes enviar a la Secretaría, Oficina G-12 del Edificio Administrativo, dentro del plazo de cinco (5) días laborables a partir del 25 de septiembre de 2009, las correcciones de forma que consideren necesarias. El acta así corregida será sometida a la aprobación del Consejo Permanente y constituirá la versión final.
Página Nómina de los Representantes que asistieron a la sesión 1
Solidaridad con la República Dominicana y Haití ante el
desastre ocasionado por el huracán Gustav y con el
Estado de Florida, Estados Unidos, por los
desastres ocasionados por la tormenta Fay 2
Aprobación del proyecto de orden del día 2
Bienvenida al nuevo Embajador Representante Permanente
de Santa Lucía 3
Bienvenida al nuevo Observador Permanente de España 7
Presentación a cargo de la Delegación de México sobre
la Reunión de México para el fortalecimiento del
sistema interamericano de derechos humanos,
celebrada los días 25 y 26 de junio de 2008 8
Cambio climático 23
Informe verbal del Jefe de la Misión de Observación Electoral
para el Referéndum Revocatorio en Bolivia 39
Informe de la Presidencia del Grupo de Trabajo informal sobre
designación de nombres a los salones de reuniones de la OEA 53
[Aprobación de proyectos de resolución] 59
Conmemoración del 158 aniversario del fallecimiento del
Libertador General don José de San Martín 61
Ataque terrorista de las FARC al Municipio de Ituango,
en el Departamento de Antioquia, el 14 de agosto de 2008 64
CP/RES. 939 (1660/08), Designación de nombres a los
salones de reuniones de la OEA 67
Página CP/RES. 939 (1660/08), Designación de salas de reuniones de la
Organización de los Estados Americanos en homenaje a
distinguidos ciudadanos de los Estados Miembros de la
Comunidad del Caribe 69
DOCUMENTOS CONSIDERADOS EN LA SESIÓN
(SE PUBLICAN POR SEPARADO)
CP/doc.4329/08 corr. 1, Nota de la Misión Permanente de México solicitando la inclusión de un tema en la próxima sesión ordinaria del Consejo Permanente
CP/doc.4333/08, Informe de la presidencia del Grupo de Trabajo informal sobre designación de nombres a los salones de reuniones de la OEA
CP/doc.4334/08, Proyecto de resolución: Designación de salas de reuniones de la Organización de los Estados Americanos en homenaje a distinguidos ciudadanos de los Estados Miembros de la Comunidad del Caribe
CP/INF.5719/08, Nota de la Misión Permanente de la República Argentina solicitando la inclusión de un tema en la próxima sesión ordinaria del Consejo Permanente
CP/INF.5720/08, Nota de la Misión Permanente de Colombia solicitando la inclusión de un tema en la próxima sesión ordinaria del Consejo Permanente
CONSEJO PERMANENTE DE LA ORGANIZACIÓN DE LOS ESTADOS AMERICANOS
ACTA DE LA SESIÓN ORDINARIA
CELEBRADA EL 29 DE AGOSTO DE 2008
En la ciudad de Washington, a las diez de la mañana del viernes 29 de agosto de 2008, celebró sesión ordinaria el Consejo Permanente de la Organización de los Estados Americanos. Presidió la sesión el Embajador Nestor Mendez, Representante Permanente de Belize y Presidente del Consejo Permanente. Asistieron los siguientes miembros:
Embajador Gustavo Albin, Representante Permanente de México
y Vicepresidente del Consejo Permanente
Embajador Denis G. Antoine, Representante Permanente de Grenada
Embajador Michael I. King, Representante Permanente de Barbados
Embajador Manuel María Cáceres Cardozo, Representante Permanente del Paraguay
Embajador Osmar Chohfi, Representante Permanente del Brasil
Embajador Pedro Oyarce, Representante Permanente de Chile
Embajador Carlos Sosa, Representante Permanente de Honduras
Embajador Camilo Ospina, Representante Permanente de Colombia
Embajador Reynaldo Cuadros Anaya, Representante Permanente de Bolivia
Embajador Jacques R. C. Kross, Representante Permanente de Suriname
Embajador Denis Ronaldo Moncada Colindres, Representante Permanente de Nicaragua
Embajador Efrén A. Cocíos, Representante Permanente del Ecuador
Ministro Orlando Velorio, Representante Alterno del Perú
Embajador Lionel Valentín Maza Luna, Representante Alterno de Guatemala
Consejera Cherie Nisbet, Representante Alterna de Belize
Consejero Pierre Giroux, Representante Alterno del Canadá
También estuvo presente el Secretario General Adjunto, Embajador Albert R. Ramdin, Secretario del Consejo Permanente.
El PRESIDENTE: I am pleased to call to order this regular meeting of the Permanent Council. This marks the end of our short summer recess, during which I am sure many of us have enjoyed greatly the gallant performances of the athletes during the Summer Olympics, magnificently hosted by the People’s Republic of China. Our congratulations go out to all member states and permanent observer states that were so ably represented at the recently concluded Olympics.
SOLIDARIDAD CON LA REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA Y HAITÍ
ANTE EL DESASTRE OCASIONADO POR EL HURACÁN GUSTAV
Y CON EL ESTADO DE FLORIDA, ESTADOS UNIDOS, POR LOS
DESASTRES OCASIONADOS POR LA TORMENTA FAY
El PRESIDENTE: The Council and its Chair are deeply moved by the recent natural disasters in our region and would like to express heartfelt sympathy and solidarity to the governments and people of the Dominican Republic and Haiti over the loss of lives and destruction wrought by Hurricane Gustav. This natural disaster followed the recent and dangerous sustained winds of Tropical Storm Fay, which caused significant damage in Florida.
APROBACIÓN DEL PROYECTO DE ORDEN DEL DÍA
El PRESIDENTE: I now submit for your approval the draft order of business for this meeting, contained in document CP/OD.1660/08 rev. 1.
[El proyecto de orden del día contiene los siguientes puntos:
Aprobación del orden del día (CP/OD.1660/08)
Presentación a cargo de la Delegación de México en torno a la Reunión de México para el fortalecimiento del sistema interamericano de derechos humanos, celebrada los días 25 y 26 de junio de 2008 (CP/doc.4329/08 corr. 1)
Sr. Ken Leslie, Director Ejecutivo del Centro para el Cambio Climático de la Comunidad del Caribe
Sr. Alfred H. Grünwaldt,Especialista en Energía Limpia y Cambio Climático, Iniciativa de Energía Sostenible y Cambio Climático, Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo
Sra. Katherine Bliss, Subdirectora y Miembro Senior del Center for Strategic and International Studies
Informe oral del Sr. Eduardo Stein, Jefe de Misión, Observación del Referendo Revocatorio en Bolivia
Informe de la Presidencia del Grupo de Trabajo informal sobre designación de nombres a los salones de reuniones de la OEA
Proyecto de resolución: Designación de nombres a los salones de reuniones de la Organización de los Estados Americanos (CP/doc.4333/08)
Proyecto de resolución: Designación de salas de reuniones de la Organización de los Estados Americanos en homenaje a distinguidos ciudadanos de los Estados Miembros de la Comunidad del Caribe (CP/doc.4334/08)
Conmemoración del 158º aniversario del fallecimiento del Libertador General Don José de San Martín
Nota de la Misión Permanente de Argentina (CP/INF.5719/08)
Ataque terrorista de las FARC al Municipio de Ituango, en el Departamento de Antioquia el pasado 14 de agosto
Nota de la Misión Permanente de Colombia (CP/INF.5720/08)
If there are no objections, the draft order of business is approved.
BIENVENIDA AL NUEVO EMBAJADOR REPRESENTANTE PERMANENTE
DE SANTA LUCÍA
El PRESIDENTE: Ladies and gentlemen, I take this opportunity to extend a warm welcome, on behalf of the Permanent Council and on my own behalf, to Ambassador Michael Louis, Permanent Representative of Saint Lucia to the Organization of American States.
Ambassador Louis graduated from the University of the West Indies (UWI) and has a doctorate in the history of Latin America and the Caribbean from Johns Hopkins University.
The Ambassador has an impressive professional background in the field of education and brings to the Organization a wealth of knowledge and long experience garnered from his service as Chief Education Officer in the Ministry of Education of Saint Lucia. He served as a consultant to the working group set up by the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretariat to review issues relating to the region’s entry into the Word Trade Organization and the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA). He conducted an evaluation of the distance education program “Textbooks for All,” which was jointly developed by the University of the West Indies and the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and implemented in all Caribbean territories, among others.
Ambassador Louis, given the agenda of the OAS and this hemisphere, I can assure you that the members of this Council are honored to have you with us. We are certain that your experience in addressing many issues that this Organization considers critical will be beneficial to the OAS.
I am now pleased to give the floor to Ambassador Louis, Permanent Representative of Saint Lucia.
El REPRESENTANTE PERMANENTE DE SANTA LUCÍA: Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I thank you for your welcome.
Mr. Chairman; Your Excellency, Secretary General of the Organization of American States and his representative; ambassadors and permanent representatives; interim representatives; alternate representatives; permanent observers; staff of the General Secretariat:
On May 22 of this year, I presented to the Secretary General my letters of credence from the Honorable Stephenson King, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia, accrediting me as Ambassador, Permanent Representative of my country to the Organization of American States. May I also take this opportunity to extend to you, Mr. Chairman, and the gathering warm greetings on behalf of Prime Minister King.
Let me also acknowledge the valuable contribution of my predecessor, Ambassador Sonia Johnny. She has served Saint Lucia well and now continues to serve the OAS in a different capacity. Ambassador Johnny deserves our sincere thanks, and I look forward to cooperating fully with her in her present role.
It is both an honor and a privilege to represent Saint Lucia here at the Organization of American States. Both Saint Lucia and this organization share a core commitment to the principles of democracy, peace, and security in the Americas. The OAS has established itself as the region’s primary political multilateral forum for strengthening democracy, promoting human rights, addressing common problems and fighting poverty by promoting economic and social development through cooperation in the Americas. As you know, Mr. Chairman, the OAS has taken the lead role in strengthening democratic processes and instituting mechanisms to protect this vital freedom, and in doing so has shown deep commitment to the democratic process within the region.
In this regard, I wish especially to commend the efforts of the Secretariat and all member states in embarking on and progressing towards one of the cherished goals of this organization: the creation of the Social Charter of the Americas. I draw attention to this document, not only because it will, when adopted, send a powerful signal that the states that constitute this august body are determined to embody the principles of democracy, good governance, and integral development in all aspects of our public policies. What is also most commendable here is that the methodical process used in arriving at the articles of the Charter provides an example of what makes the OAS, as a group of diverse nations, such a unique body. It is a process based on what I call the three Cs—consultation, cooperation, and consensus.
It seems, therefore, opportune that I once again make reference to that historic milestone being celebrated this year by the Organization of American States, the 60th anniversary of its inception, and pay tribute to those whose foresight has brought us to where we are today. I am particularly honored by the opportunity that has been afforded me as I take my place in this very prestigious hemispheric body.
Mr. Chairman, as we reflect on the evolution of the Organization of American States in the years since its inception, we are called also to give credence to the competence of its leadership, which has been instrumental in taking the OAS from strength to strength. Since the assumption of office of our Secretary General, this organization has seen its role expand in response to the social and economic trends of the global environment. Under this mandate and through the vision of a more cohesive approach to peace, democratic strengthening, and economic stability in the Americas, this organization, in addition to carrying out our hemispheric agenda, is constantly challenged to respond to serious problems that emerge as a result of attacks to the social and democratic fabric of this hemispheric family. The Government of Saint Lucia commends the social, economic, and political achievements attained under this leadership and, in particular, the commitment to the modernization of the structures of the Organization. Our government pledges its continued support in this regard.
Mr. Chairman, please also allow me the opportunity to reaffirm Saint Lucia’s commitment to the work of the Organization as we advance in promoting democracy, showing respect for human life and human rights, and combating corruption and the trafficking and abuse of illegal drugs. We further affirm this support as we seek to create the political space for dialogue to confront issues related to sustainable energy, multidimensional security, and climate change.
Saint Lucia firmly supports the Organization as it seeks to implement its development mandates to achieve equitable and sustainable social and economic gains, and it wishes to caution that attention be given to the specific realities and needs of each member state in the process.
We support the advances made in the area of technical cooperation through the work of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI), the principal political organ with responsibility for promoting cooperation among member states to support integral development, in particular in reducing poverty.
We also support the Special Multilateral Fund of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (FEMCIDI) as a vehicle to contribute to the financing of national and multilateral cooperation programs, projects, and partnership for development activities carried out under the Strategic Plan for Partnership for Development 2006-2009 of the Organization.
We wish further to acknowledge at this time, with gratitude, the significant impact that national and regional OAS projects continue to have on the socioeconomic development of Saint Lucia.
Mr. Chairman, in this era of globalization, we are constantly reminded of the importance of regional and international cooperation in our resolve to strengthen our institutional and democratic structures in order to deliver on promises made within the framework of the development agenda. In particular, we remember the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), with the purpose of improving the quality of life of our people.
As was highlighted in Saint Lucia’s address at the regular session of the General Assembly in Medellín, Saint Lucia places significant importance on the value of education; in particular, the education of our nation’s youth. As the Inter-American Democratic Charter itself recognizes in Article 16: “Education is key to strengthening democratic institutions, promoting the development of human potential, and alleviating poverty and fostering greater understanding among our peoples.”
Indeed, Mr. Chairman, in an effort to deliver on its social responsibility toward the nation’s youth and address the unmet educational needs of the majority of our adult population, Saint Lucia has undertaken the challenging task of transforming the Sir Arthur Lewis Community College (SALCC) into a full-fledged university. We recognize that the driving force for sustaining our democracy and for addressing the unemployment and other economic development needs of Saint Lucia and other small island states of the Caribbean, and, indeed, elsewhere, must be a sound and sustainable program of human development.
As challenging as this initiative in higher education can be for a small nation, such as ours, the rewards are priceless. We hope to prepare graduates who are well educated, economically productive, and morally and socially responsible leaders and citizens, worthy to serve Saint Lucia and our Caribbean neighbors, as well as this hemisphere and the rest of the world.
We are also attempting, through this initiative, to address the principles of equity and justice, which are so fundamental to the security and stability of our small societies, by providing a pathway that will give access to quality education to qualified low-income students who would otherwise be left out. Our resolve is strengthened when we reflect that in its first chapter, the draft Social Charter of the Americas addresses the issues of social justice and development with equity, stressing that these issues are interdependent and mutually reinforcing.
Mr. Chairman, please allow me to reiterate my government’s continued commitment to the Summits of the Americas process. We recognize the significance and relevance of the theme of the Fifth Summit, scheduled to be held in Port of Spain in April 2009, “Securing our Citizens’ Future by Promoting Human Prosperity, Energy Security and Environmental Sustainability.” We pledge our continued support to the Government and people of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago as this hemispheric body seeks to deliberate on the draft Declaration of Commitment. We are confident that the outcomes of this Summit will provide a new impetus to share a 21st century social and economic agenda that addresses the pressing issues of our hemisphere.
Mr. Chairman, Saint Lucia, like so much of the world, is besieged by high oil prices, the effect of which is felt at the most basic levels in our society as households face increased energy and consumption costs. While these changes are fueled by a rise in consumption, increased demands for biofuels, and a rise in population in certain parts of the globe, it means that today, we are facing a food crisis not seen in generations. This crisis is likely to impact negatively on our economic growth, increase the likelihood of poverty, and constrain our ability to respond to the developmental challenges that we face in this region.
As the world responds to the energy crisis, Saint Lucia remains committed to the work of the OAS as we collectively seek to explore new and innovative solutions to our problems, mindful of their potential to undermine the democratic, social, and economic stability of our hemisphere. It is a concern that must be addressed within a hemispheric, regional, and national framework, with the aim of achieving viable solutions.
Environmental security, a key issue confronting the Americas and the rest of the world today, is one that Saint Lucia, a small state with many low-lying areas, must also face. Climate change is one of the most critical global challenges of our time. It impacts agriculture, raises sea levels, accelerates the erosion of coastal areas, and increases the intensity of natural disasters, to which small Caribbean states are extremely vulnerable.
In order to address this challenge, organizations and governments must transform rhetoric into concrete actions. Saint Lucia, therefore, takes this opportunity to commend the Secretary General and the General Secretariat for the cooperation undertaken with the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), through the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre, (CCCCC), and pledges continued support in the area of climate change.
You know, Mr. Chairman, and all of us know that our regional and international environment demands that issues of human security be at the forefront of our conscience. In order to have peace and security in this hemisphere, poverty, economic inequality, environmental security, trafficking of illegal drugs and related crimes must be tackled by all our governments.
In this regard, the Government of Saint Lucia welcomes and commends the efforts of the OAS, through the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), in addressing drug-related issues, and we pledge our continued cooperation to the Organization as we tackled the drug menace on our shores and throughout the Hemisphere.
Further, on this issue of security, the Government of Saint Lucia urges that due regard be given to the crime prevention strategic framework that was outlined in a recent presentation by the CARICOM Secretariat. We must, indeed, tackle the menace of crime at all levels––tertiary, secondary, and primary––as this document has outlined.
In closing, Mr. Chairman, let me once again, on behalf of my government, reaffirm Saint Lucia’s commitment to the principles and ideals enshrined in the OAS Charter and our continued support for the goals of the inter-American system as we work together to achieve peace, justice, and security in the Americas. The OAS has shown us the way to share a future of which all our citizens can be justly proud through consultation, cooperation, and consensus.
I look forward to working with each and every one of you and reiterate my continued support and cooperation, as well as that of the Delegation of Saint Lucia.
Ambassadors and friends, I thank you for your patience.
El PRESIDENTE: Thank you, Ambassador Louis.
BIENVENIDA AL NUEVO OBSERVADOR PERMANENTE DE ESPAÑA