Present Subjunctive



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El Subjuntivo Completo: GOAL!
Present Subjunctive:

Sentence uses:

1) AWEDDING trigger in the present tense

2) change of subject

3) “que”
Dependent verb receives opposite vowel ending: hablar = hable, comer = coma
Many irregulars - (yogo, zca, ya, stem-changing verbs, sepa, sea, vaya, haya, etc.)


  1. I hope this movie is good. (ser buena)




  1. Santiago wants to play soccer in England (jugar) (Inglaterra)




  1. Glen wants Santiago to go to England. (ir)




  1. It’s sad that Santiago’s father doesn’t help him. (ayudarle)




  1. I doubt that Santi will make a lot of money. (ganar dinero)


Present Perfect Subjunctive:

Sentence uses:

1) AWEDDING trigger in the present tense

2) change of subject

3) “que”
Dependent indicates past action and must use haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayan + ado/ido (past participle)
9 common irregular past participles - (muerto, puesto, dicho, hecho, roto, vuelto, cubierto, abierto, visto)


  1. I am sad that Santi’s father died.




  1. It’s good that Santi told his coach about his asthma (sobre su asma)




  1. I’m glad that Santi’s father watched one of Santi’s games.




  1. I think that Santi’s girlfriend was angry about the photo.




  1. Santi doubts that Gavin has changed. (cambiar)

Imperfect Subjunctive/Past Subjunctive:

Sentence uses:

1) AWEDDING trigger in the imperfect, preterite or conditional tense

2) change of subject

3) “que”
Dependent indicates past action and must use the imperfect subjunctive conjugation
Imperfect subjunctive conjugation general rule:

Conjugate in the preterite ellos form - drop –on and add -a, as, -a, -amos, -ais, -an.

Example: trabajar = trabajaron = trabajara, as, a, amos, ais, an

ser = fueron = fuera, as, a, amos, ais, an

comer = comieron = comiera, as, a, amos, ais, an


  1. Santi’s grandmother didn’t want Santi to return to the US. (regresar,volver)

2. I hoped that Santi would fall in love with Roz. (enamorarse)




  1. Glen wanted Santi to play for Newcastle.




  1. Santi wanted his father to be proud. (ser orgulloso)




  1. Santi’s coach wanted Santi to pass the ball. (pasar)

Past Perfect Subjunctive

Sentence uses:

1) AWEDDING trigger in the imperfect, preterite or conditional tense

2) change of subject

3) “que”
Dependent indicates a previously occurring past action (had done, played, died, etc.)


Dependent indicates past action and must use hubiera, hubieras, hubiera, hubiéramos, hubieráis, hubieran + ado/ido (past participle)
9 common irregular past participles - (muerto, puesto, dicho, hecho, roto, vuelto, cubierto, abierto, visto)


  1. I was glad that Santi had finally earned the team’s respect (ganar el respeto del equipo)




  1. Santi didn’t believe that his father had watched a game.




  1. Roz was glad that Santi had won the game.




  1. It was sad that little Santi had left his soccer ball behind. (dejar atrás su bola)

Si Clauses: If Clauses


Si Clauses do NOT need AWEDDING phrase, change of subject, or a “que”
Formula for Si clauses:
Si + imperfect subjunctive (caminara, fuera, estuviera, etc.) If ........
+ conditional (infinitivo + ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, ían) then I would.......
irregular conditional: tendría, saldría, pondría, podría, querría, haría, diría, valdría



  1. If Santi practiced a lot, he would play soccer for a professional team.



  1. If Gavin didn’t party so much, he would be a better player. (festejar) (ser)



  1. If I were Santi, I wouldn’t live with Gavin


Sihubierísmos: If I had….., I would have


Si Clauses do NOT need AWEDDING phrase, change of subject, or a “que”
Formula for sihubierísmos
Si + past perfect subjunctive (hubiera + past participle (-ado/-ido)
+ conditional perfect (habría + past participle (-ado/-ido)



  1. If Santi had told the coach earlier, the coach would have understood.



  1. I would have understood the movie, if I had played soccer.



  1. If Santi had spoken with his dad, he wouldn’t have had regrets. (arrepentimientos)


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