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Discussion No. 129 14.06.2016 – 05.07.2016

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Are there any successful policies and programmes to fight overweight and obesity?

Collection of contributions received

Table of Contents

Topic note 3

Gathering and describing the major and most effective existing policies and programmes addressing obesity and overweight at international level. 3

Making the outcomes available to parliamentarians and decision makers (in public policies), with the aim of better inform the design and implementation of initiatives effectively addressing overweight and obesity in the region. 3

Contributions received 6

1.In India the new government worked to get global approval (W.H.O) of Yoga.  International yoga day was organized.  Efforts are on to implement Yoga in Indian schools. 7

2.The international recognition of Yoga reinforced confidence in yoga teachers in India.   This has considerably reduced the marketing efforts required from yoga teachers.   The schools have become active in recruiting new yoga teachers. 7

3.We need a comprehensive understanding of overeating before starting the process of taxing food products.  I have prepared a comprehensive understanding of overeating.  The Governments around the world have proposed to tax various food products to stop obesity, diabetes & other non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and they include soda tax, candy tax, sugar tax, high salt and high sugar tax, junk food tax, pastry tax, etc. Even after taxing food products there is still discussion on food supplied in large quantities, and on promotions to children in the form of gifts and toys. There is a need for comprehensive global framework for health related food taxation and it is addressed by my work. 7

In which way were results assessed and/or effectiveness determined? What were the success factors that contributed to the effectiveness? 9

What were the main challenges, constraints and lessons learned? 9

First of all, we must revise the cause of obesity. The calorie balance concept cannot be used to explain fat generation (or adipogenesis) wihtout risking inefficiency and redundancy. If we do not know what really causes obesity we cannot create efficient strategies. We will spend thousands of resources treating the symptoms and possibly reinforcing the causes. I am currently working in a discussion paper in this matter, explaining why calorie balance is not useful and what could we do instead of using it. If somebody is interested, we can discuss it further.  10

We have to take in consideration people's behavior, biases and particular heuristics in every policy or intervention 10

we have to try to forecast the consequences of the public policies from the main stakeholders and reduce the risks of being undermined by their reactions 10

Governments have to stop thinking in linear ways They have to notice that the whole food value chain is interconnected, from the incentives that the farmers have to plant one or another seed to what the final consumer decides to cook for dinner.  10

Improved agriculture extension services, training and  research facilities. 23

Honest and open public debate on the consequences of abolishing government subsidised food production, especially with respect to those on nutrition if one has to depend on industrial farming for food. Such a discussion might compel more and more people to understand the danger of regarding food production  as a mere commercial venture. 23

Steps to simplify the unnecessary complexity of many a so-called food supply chain in order to minimize food loss and unfairness to  the farmers and end-users. 23

Active steps to attain harmony and congruence among all policies, particularly among those of agriculture, health, education, justice and trade. 23

1.The mass meat production industry uses (chemical) hormones,  preventive chemical medication and the animals are fed a very poor diet with concentrates and GMO’s. 24

2.Meat has become cheaper, resulting in a higher meat consumption. The DRI (Dietary Reference Intake) is 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. That is not even 70 grams per day for a human being of 85 kg. 24

3.The mass vegetable production industry uses endocrine disrupting pesticides, fertilizers and preventive chemical medicines on the worn out soil, resulting in less nutritious and ‘weak’ vegetables. 24

4.The food industry manipulates taste buds with engineered 'salt sugar fat-ratio's, making people addicted to their produce. Who can eat just one cookie? 24

5.Grains, especially wheat, are  being cultivated to increase the gluten content 24

6.Bread is not just baked with grains, extra gluten are being added to make it tastier 24

7.Gluten are being used in almost every processed food. More and more people are having allergic reactions to gluten. 24

8.Cows are manipulated into producing more A1 casein instead of the natural A2 casein. This is already also occurring in goats milk. A1 casein can create a bioactive opioid peptide and morphine-related compound called beta casomorphin-7 (BCM7). 24

9.All these processed and addictive products are being prepacked in Endocrine Disrupting Plastic packaging and coated cans and boxes (Bisphenol A). BPA leaks into oils and oily substances very easily. It also leaks into drinking water, when a plastic water bottle warms up. Most PET bottles are filled of while they are still warm. 24

Busy families are cooking less and eating out more. 27

Easy access to cheap, high-calorie fast food and junk food. 27

Food portions are bigger than they used to be, both in restaurants and at home. 27

Eating more animal products than cereals crops (especially wheat and rice) products in your daily food program is a very good strategy to reduce overweight. 34

Using more green tea with no sugar in it also help to reduce weight. 34

Using more water before eating is very helpful to reduce food eating and so reduce weight. Do not use water after eating food which  is not only bad for stomach  & but also harmful to health. 34

Walking/running according to a time table (better in morning) reduce weight loss. 34

Do not sleep after eating at night. Walking after dinner is very good for reducing weight. 34

Eating too much junk food increase wight so reduce or stop eating junk food. 34

EU-Schoolfruit and veggieprogramme 86

Tastelessons 86

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