Project no: INCO CT 2005 014997
Institutions and Research for the Pantanal: towards a bi-regional research agenda to support Policy Institutions, Legal Frameworks and Social Action
Thematic Priority: Environment
Final Activity Report
Period covered: from 1-11-2005 to to 1-5-2007
Date of preparation: 14-7-2007
Start date of project: 1-11-2005
Duration: 18 months
Project website: www.inrep.nl
Project coordinator name: Rob H.G. Jongman
Project coordinator organisation name: Alterra
1. Summary of the activities and major achievements 3
2. Deliverables and publications 6
2.1 Deliverables 6
2.3 Publications: 6
3. Research agenda for the Pantanal and the Upper Paraguay River Basin 8
3.1 Introduction 8
3.2 The UPRB and the Pantanal 9
3.3 Research and international cooperation 9
3.4 Development of the research agenda for the UPRB and the Pantanal 10
3.4.1. Environmental impacts: diagnosis and remediation 11
3.4.2. Assessment and mapping 13
3.4.3. Sustainable natural resources management: rational land and water use in the UPRB 14
3.4.4. Governance, laws, institutions and policy 14
3.4.5 Sustainable development: diagnosis and solutions 16
3.4.6 Capacity building and education 17
3.5 References 17
4. Exploitable knowledge and its use 19
Annex 1, Estabelecimento de uma política conjunta de gerenciamento e de uma agenda de pesquisa relacionada para o Pantanal – INREP, Documentos de Brasil, Bolívia e Paraguai 20
Annex 2, Results of the Bi-Regional Symposium of INREP, Campo Grande, 27- 28 July 2006 148
Annex 3, Participants of the Bi-Regional Symposium of INREP 151
Annex 4, Programme of the Bi-Regional Symposium 27 And 28 July 160
Annex 5 – Final SWOT (FOFA) 161
Annex 6, Simpósio Bi-Regional de Campo Grande, Ações de Pesquisa para a BAP e o Pantanal 174
1. Summary of the activities and major achievements
The Pantanal is the largest wetland of the world except for rain forests. It measures about 250.000 km2 (about the size of Great Britain) and is one of the biodiversity hotspots in the world. Its low population density, size, inaccessibility and situated in three countries (Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay) cause that the political and scientific attention is fragmented. International and local universities and research groups carry out research, NGOs are developing action, tourism is growing slowly, land use is locally organised, but little is done in a coordinated way, priorities are not set and in many cases interests are conflicting, such as between farmers and fisherman, biodiversity conservation and land development and also between countries.
The main objective of the INREP project is in order to develop sustainable water management at river-basin scale and efficiency in water use in the Pantanal, to strengthen the cooperation between policy makers, stakeholders and scientific institutions in Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay and to stimulate the cooperation between these three countries, the European science community and NGOs working in the region.
Preparatory meeting in Cuiabá MT to organise the INREP project
Therefore the setting of a policy supporting research agenda has been carried out involving representative groups in the region. With support of enthusiastic persons involved in the Pantanal two preparatory workshops, a symposium and an additional workshop in Bolivia have been held.
This project is of importance for the strengthening of the European Research Area. Europe has a long-standing tradition in river management, biodiversity and related research. The Water Directive and European concepts for water management have been partly guiding for the water legislation in Brazil. However, there is growing environmental concern in the Pantanal region, specially related to water and biodiversity and institutional that requires more scientific cooperation.
There have been four meetings as planned in the DOW:
A preparatory workshop in Cuiabá (Mato Grosso) with 37 participants (representing Paraguay, Bolivia, Mato Grosso and Federal Government Brazil) has been held Making use of a SWOT framework. A second workshop has been held in Campo Grande with 35 participants (representing Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraguay and Federal Government Brazil). Both workshops discussed the problems chances for the future.
Group discussion in the workshop in Cuiabá MT.
Analysing results of the group discussion in the workshop in Campo Grande
The documents produced here have been the basis for the Campo Grande symposium in July 2006, where 82 participants from Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Germany and the Netherlands have been discussing the SWOT analysis and turned this into a research agenda. Observers were present from the EU representation in Brazil, UNESCO, the Dutch and the US embassy.
The Symposium in Campo Grande, participants listening to the introductory speeches (l) and Prof Wolfgang Junk summarising the results of the workshop he was involved in (r).
In Bolivia the political situation was changing in this period. Therefore special visits have been made to Santa Cruz de la Sierra and La Paz. Still however, the situation in Bolivia was rather hectic at the moment of the symposium. This made the Bolivian participants decide to organise an additional workshop in Santa Cruz de la Sierra. It was organised with participation of 20 local organisations (public sector, private sector and research groups) on 7 November 2006.
Workshop in Santa Cruz de la Sierra (Photo Arturo Moscoso, ICEA).
The project produced country documents for the three countries, analysing the political and institutional situation and results of the SWOT analysis. These documents have been produced in Spanish and Portuguese. The English translation is produced. The symposium produced a document with priority actions for the region. This has been transformed into a Research Agenda for the region. Based on the outcomes of the INREP project, the following the following items are presented as major themes:
Environmental impacts: diagnosis and remediation; this includes the Hidrovía of the Paraguay River and the role of the Pantanal for the climate of the region and the Plata basin under changing climatic conditions.
Assessment and mapping; this includes the international cooperation in a monitoring system and the exchange of data for the whole of the UPRB that is crucial for the understanding of human influence on the ecosystems and can promote international cooperation in the region.
Sustainable natural resources management; which includes the special way that wetlands have to be managed by farmers, fisherman cost-benefit analysis and other and land as well water quality maintenance essential for the Pantanal.
Governance, laws, institutions and policy; research in social interaction, stakeholder participation is of utmost importance to understand the complex relations in water and land management, social participation in the process of decision making can long term cooperation and sustainability.
Sustainable development: diagnosis and solutions; scenario models can help to develop Decision Support Systems being based on different options for management, taking into account, the extent of the area, the low density of the population and the predominant natural processes.
Capacity building is cross cutting the five preceding issues involving the identification of gaps in education, information, technologies, methodologies, institutional frameworks and services.
The results of the project have been presented in Brussels to the European Commission with representatives of Brazil and Paraguay present. After the presentations and ensuing discussion the EC representatives stressed that the approach of the project could be used as a model for other similar projects and suggested (i) the elaboration of specific document explaining the methodology used by the INREP project to obtained a consensual research agenda for the Pantanal and the UPRB and (ii) to divulgate more the results of the INREP project within the research community and the general public. These are actions that are being carried out at present.
2. Deliverables and publications