You will use the subjunctive when one of the above reasons is made on the part of the subject of your sentence. There are two parts of the sentence containing a subjunctive clause.
the main clause – contains a subject and one of the above reasons
the subordinate clause – contains that which is being considered (should use subjunctive form)
Example: I doubt that he works much.
The main clause is I doubt. The subordinate clause is he works much. Because uncertainty (doubt) is expressed in the main clause, we can use subjunctive in the subordinate clause. In Spanish this sentence would be written:
Yo dudoqueél trabaje mucho.
REMEMBER: When you use subjunctive follow the formula:
Subject 1 (S1) and WEIRDO verb 1 (V1) in first clause
Subject 2 (S2) and SUBJUNCTIVE verb 2 (V2) in second clause
SO….. the subjects MUST be different and the first verb MUST be a WEIRDO reason verb, and the second verb will be conjugated in the subjunctive.
Let’s look at the acronym WEIRDO more closely.
W - Wishes, Wants, Desires
Subjunctive is used in expressions of advice, command, demand, desire, hope, permission, preference, request, suggestion, and prohibition.
R - Requests / Recommendations Subjunctive is used with verbs of requesting, asking, demanding, commanding or causing. Basically, when you use commands in the formal (Ud./Uds.), nosotros (Let’s ____), and negative tú commands, you are forming them in the subjunctive.
OJO: If a sentence follows the regular formula for subjunctive and a request is being made, you will use subjunctive for the second clause.
No vayas (ir) – Don’t go!
No seas – (ser) – Don’t be!
No des – (dar) – Don’t give!
No estés – (estar) – Don’t be!
No sepas – (saber) – Don’t know!
Let’s see if you remember how to form these commands:
Tú Commands (negative only)
Put in “yo” form
Drop the “o”
Add opposite endings:
–AR – add “es”
–ER/-IR – add “as”
Put “no” in front of verb
Ex. Don’t speak.
No hables. Don’t drive (conducer)
CAR/GAR/ZAR verbs – make changes:
c > qu
g > gu
z > c
dar dé Ud. or den Uds.
estar esté Ud. or estén Uds.
ir vaya Ud. or vayan Uds.
ser sea Ud. or sean Uds.
saber sepa Ud. or sepan Uds.
Usted and Ustedes Commands
Start with the yo form of the present indicative.
Then, drop the –o ending.
Add the following endings:
-ar verbs……… –e (for Ud.), -en (for Uds.)
-er and –ir verbs…–a (for Ud.), -an (for Uds.)
To make negative, just put no before the command.
– make changes:
c > qu
g > gu
z > c
A nosotros command is like saying “Let’s” do something. Example: Let’s dance!
Make the present tense “yo” form of the verb.
Take off the “o” or “oy”.
Add opposite nosotros endings: AR -emos
ER/IR - amos
Example: Let’s dance! = ¡Bailemos!
Let’s eat! = ¡Comamos!
Stem-changing verbs will NOT change.
EXCEPTION: - IR stem changing verbs will make the following changes:
oue verbs: o changes to u(Ex. dormir - ¡Durmamos!)
eie verbs: e changes to i (Ex. mentir - ¡Mintamos!)
ei verbs: e changes to i (Ex. pedir - ¡Pidamos!)
Verbs ending in –car, -gar, -zar will make necessary orthographic changes
cqu; ggu; zc
Ex. – tocar - ¡Toquemos!
pagar - ¡Paguemos!
comenzar – ¡Comencemos!
Reflexive verbs – DROP the “s” of the conjugated verb before adding “nos.”
Otherwise, add all object pronouns directly.
Ex. levantarse – Levantemos + nos = ¡Levantémonos!
To make negative, just add the “no” before the verb
ir ¡Vamos! =Let’s go!
irse ¡Vámonos! =Let’s go away!
saber ¡Sepamos! =Let’s know!
ser ¡Seamos! =Let’s be!
Ex. Don’t sit down! – sentarse – sentemos + nos = ¡No nos sentemos!
Practice for R - Requests / Recommendations
Write the command on the line. As you can see, some of these sentences are requesting that another person do something.
____________ 1. Drive the car. (Ud.)
____________ 2. Wash your hands. (Uds.)
____________ 3. Don’t open the door. (tú)
____________ 4. Fill (llenar) the bottle with water. (Ud.)
____________ 5. I advise you to not rent scary movies. (tú)
____________ 6. Don’t leave (salir) before 8:00. (Ud.)
____________ 7. Let’s eat fruit and vegetables every day. (nosotros)
____________ 8. I ask that all of you send (enviar) the letters tomorrow. (Uds.)
____________ 9. Change (cambiar) your clothes (su ropa) after the game. (Ud.)
____________ 10. Tell your friend that we are not going to the party. (Ud.)
____________ 11. Don’t forget (olvidar) to buy milk. (tú)
____________ 12. Tell the truth (la verdad). (Uds.)
____________ 13. Let’s close the windows. (nosotros)
____________ 14. Let’s pay the bill. (nosotros)
____________ 15. Go to the store. (Ud.)
____________ 16. Brush (cepillarse) your teeth. (Ud.)
____________ 17. Let’s do the homework. (nosotros)
____________ 18. I advise you to throw (tirar) your homework in the garbage. (Uds.)
Spain and the Iberian Peninsula have a great history which has been influenced by different ethnic groups and languages. Most people think that Spanish only has been influenced by Latin, but forget that also the Celts and the Moors influenced customs and the Spanish language over time. One of the words of Arabic origin which is still used in Spanish is ojalá.
If you go to the roots of the word (in Arabic it’s وشاء الله – wa-šā’ allāh), you’ll see that it roughly means “if God [Allah] wants it” or “and may God will it”. However, the best translation nowadays is “hopefully”, “let’s hope” or “I hope”.
Some people may argue that it’s the same as esperar, but ojalá is definitely a stronger way of saying that you hope something will happen.
taken from http://www.spanish-only.com
Write 2 sentences in Spanish using Ojalá que……
Subjunctive or Indicative?
Thinking of all the reasons under the acronym WEIRDO for using the subjunctive, decide if the sentence should be in the subjunctive or the indicative. Write S or I in the blank next to the sentence. On the other side of the sentence write the acronym of WEIRDO of why you chose the subjunctive. Leave it blank if choosing indicative.
_____ 1. He doubts that you will write to him. ________
_____ 2. They do not deny that the children are in the room. ________
_____ 3. They want us to answer that question. ________
_____ 4. It hurts me that you are angry. ________
_____ 5. She needs you to help her. ________
_____ 6. I am looking for a dress that has long sleeves. ________
_____ 7. She found a blouse that fit her well. ________
_____ 8. I am sure that you will go to see him. ________
_____ 9. He is afraid that he will be late. ________
_____ 10. I hope that you get well soon. ________
_____ 11. I know that girl. ________
_____ 12. There is no doubt that this is the best place to be. ________
_____ 13. His father tells them that they need to clean the garage. ________
_____ 14. I want to leave with you. ________
_____ 15. We doubt that the teacher is wrong. ________
_____ 16. I have a dog that barks a lot. ________
_____ 17. I want a dog that does not bark at all. ________
_____ 18. We are looking for those who smoke in the bathrooms. ________
_____ 19. It is a pity that Daddy can’t buy the horse. ________
_____ 20. I am happy because I got an A on the test. ________
_____ 21. I am pleased that you can come. ________
_____ 22. I know that he will be on time. ________
_____23. My brother has a green car. ________
_____ 24. It’s horrible that you are so stupid! ________
_____ 25. I am sorry that you are angry with me. ________