Table hi health Insurance Coverage Status and Type of Coverage by State-People Under 65: 1987 to 2005



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NOTAS
a U.S Census Bureau (2006). “Table HI-6. Health Insurance Coverage Status and Type of Coverage by State--People Under 65:1987 to 2005”. August 31. (www.census.gov/hhes/www/hlthins/historic/hihistt6.html)
b U.S Census Bureau (2006). "Table HI-6. Health Insurance Coverage Status and Type of Coverage by State-- People Under 65: 1987 to 2005". August 31. (www.census.gov/hhes/www/hlthins/historic/hihistt6.html)
c Kaiser Family Foundation and Health Research and Educational Trust (2006). "Employer Health Benefits: 2006 Annual Survey". Exhibit 2.2. (www.kff.org/insurance/7527/upload/7527.pdf)
d Kaiser Family Foundation and Health Research and Educational Trust (2006). "Employer Health Benefits: 2006 Annual Survey". Exhibit 2.2. (www.kff.org/insurance/7527/upload/7527.pdf)
e Mercer Human Resource Consulting (2005). "Health benefit cost slows for a third year, rising just 6.1% in 2005”. News release, November 21. (http://mercerhr.com/pressrelease/details.jhtml/dynamic/idContent/1202305). Descargado el 28 de marzo de 2006.
f Kaiser Family Foundation and Health Research and Educational Trust (2006). "Employer Health Benefits: 2006 Annual Survey". Exhibit 6.3 (www.kff.org/insurance/7527/upload/7527.pdf)
g America's Health Insurance Plans (2006). "January 2006 Census Shows 3.2 Million People Covered By HSA Plans". March 9. (www.ahip.org/content/default.aspx?docid=15302)
1 U.S Census Bureau (2006). “Table HI-6. Health Insurance Coverage Status and Type of Coverage by State—People Under 65: 1987 to 2005.” August 31. (www.census.gov/hhes/www/hlthins/historic/hihistt6.html) Hay otros cálculos de la cobertura de seguro médico del Centro Nacional de Estadísticas Sanitarias (www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/pubd/hus/uninsured.htm), la Dirección General de Investigaciones y Calidad de la Asistencia Sanitaria (www.ahrq.gov) y del Instituto de Investigaciones sobre las Prestaciones de los Empleados (www.ebri.org).
2 Fronstin, Paul (2005). “Sources of Coverage and Characteristics of the Uninsured: Analysis of the March 2005 Current Population Survey”, EBRI Issue Brief no. 287. November, p. 2. (www.ebri.org/pdf/briefspdf/EBRI_IB_11-20051.pdf) Descargado el 27 de marzo de 2006.
3 U.S. Census Bureau (2006). "Table HI-6. Health Insurance Coverage Status and Type of Coverage by State—People Under 65: 1987 to 2005". August 31. (www.census.gov/hhes/www/hlthins/historic/hihistt6.html)
4 Mercer Human Resource Consulting (2005). “Health benefit cost slows for a third year, rising just 6.1% in 2005”. News release. November 21. (www.mercerhr.com)
5 Kaiser Family Foundation and Health Research and Educational Trust (2005). “Employer Health Benefits: 2005 Annual Survey”. Gráfico 31 en: http://www.kff.org/insurance/7315/sections/upload/7375.pdf, Descargado el 28 de marzo de 2005.
6 Helman, Ruth, and Fronstin, Paul (2004). “Public Attitudes on the U.S. Health Care System: Findings From the Health Confidence Survey”. EBRI Issue Brief no. 275 (http://www.ebri.org/pdf/briefspdf/1104ib3.pdf), Descargado el 27 de marzo de 2006.
7 Collins, Sara, et al. (2004). “Job-Based Health Insurance in the Balance: Employer Views of Coverage in the Workplace”. The Commonwealth Fund, March, Table 1. (http://www.cmwf.org/usr_doc/collins_jobbased_718.pdf) Descargado el 28 de abril de 2004.
8 Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (2006). “Shifting Ground: Changes in Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance”. May, p. 12. (www.rwjf.org/newsroom/CTUWFinalResearchReport2006.pdf)
9 U.S Census Bureau (2006). “Table HI-6. Health Insurance Coverage Status and Type of Coverage by State—People Under 65: 1987 to 2005.” August 31. (www.census.gov/hhes/www/hlthins/historic/hihistt6.html)
10 Duchon, Lisa & Cathy Schoen (2001). “Experience of working-age adults in the individual insurance market: Findings from the Commonwealth Fund 2001 Health Insurance Survey” (Issue Brief No. 514). The Commonwealth Fund, December, p.1. (http://www.cmwf.org/usr_doc/duchon_workingbrief_514.pdf) Descargado el 28 de abril de 2004.
11 Duchon, Lisa & Cathy Schoen (2001). “Experiences of working-age adults in the individual insurance market: Findings from the Commonwealth Fund 2001 Health Insurance Survey” (Issue Brief No. 514). The Commonwealth Fund, December, p.1. (www.cmwf.org/usr_doc/duchon_workingbrief_514.pdf)
12 Kaiser Family Foundation and Health Research and Educational Trust (2005). “Employer Health Benefits: 2005 Annual Survey”. Gráfico 5 en: www.kff.org/insurance/7315/sections/upload/7375.pdf, Descargado el 28 de marzo de 2005.
13 Pollitz, Karen, Richard Sorian, & Kathy Thomas (2001). “How accessible is individual health insurance for consumers in less than-perfect health?” (Publication No. 3133). The Kaiser Family Foundation, June 20, p.2. (http://www.kff.org/insurance/20010620a-index.cfm) Descargado el 28 de abril de 2004.
14 Kaiser Family Foundation and Health Research and Educational Trust (2006). "Employer Health Benefits: 2006 Annual Survey". Exhibit 1.1 (www.kff.org/insurance/7527/upload/7527.pdf) y: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis (2006). "Gross Domestic Product: Percent Change from Preceding Period". (www.bea.gov/bea/dn/gdpchg.xls)
15 Mercer Human Resource Consulting (2005). “Health benefit cost slows for a third year, rising just 6.1% in 2005”. News release. (www.mercerhr.com)
16 Kaiser Family Foundation and Health Research and Educational Trust (2006). "Employer Health Benefits: 2006 Annual Survey". Exhibit 6.3 (www.kff.org/insurance/7527/upload/7527.pdf)
17 Kaiser Family Foundation and Health Research and Educational Trust (2005). “Employer Health Benefits: 2005 Annual Survey”. Chart 5. (www.kff.org/insurance/7315/sections/upload/7375.pdf) Descargado el 31 de julio de 2006.
18 Mercer Human Resource Consulting (2005). “Health benefit cost slows for a third year, rising just 6.1% in 2005”. News release. (www.mercerhr.com)
19 Kaiser Family Foundation and Health Research and Educational Trust (2005). “Employer Health Benefits: 2005 Annual Survey”. Chart 21 (www.kff.org/insurance/7315/sections/upload/7375.pdf) Descargado el 2 de agosto de 2006.
20 America's Health Insurance Plans (2006). "January 2006 Census Shows 3.2 Million People Covered By HSA Plans", March 9. (www.ahip.org/content/default.aspx?docid=15302) Otro estudio efectuado en 2006 por la Fundación de la Familia Kaiser y el Fondo Fiduciario para las Investigaciones Sanitarias y la Educación calcula que 1,4 millones de trabajadores están afiliados a planes de seguro médico vinculados a cuentas de ahorro para gastos de salud con deducible elevado y 1,3 millones están afiliados a arreglos de rembolso de gastos de salud. (www.kff.org/insurance/7527/upload/7527.pdf)
21 Hillestad, Richard et al. (2005). “Can Electronic Medical Record Systems Transform Health Care? Potential Health Benefits, Savings, And Costs”. Health Affairs, Sept./Oct., p. 1107. (www.healthaffairs.org)
22 Borger, Christine, et al. (2006). “Health Spending Projections Through 2015: Changes on the Horizon”. Health Affairs Web Exclusive, February 22, 2006, p. W61-W73. (www.healthaffairs.org). Descargado el 31 de marzo.
23 Altman, Drew E. and Larry Levitt (2002). “The Sad History Of Health Care Cost Containment As Told In One Chart”. Health Affairs Web exclusive, Jan. 23. (www.healthaffairs.org)
24 Cálculos inéditos del Instituto de Investigaciones de las Prestaciones de los Empleados basados en las cifras de la Encuesta de la Población Actual de marzo de 2005.
25 U.S. Census Bureau (2006). “Table HI-2. Health Insurance Coverage Status and Type of Coverage—All People by Age and Sex: 1987 to 2005”. August 31. (www.census.gov/hhes/www/hlthins/historic/hihistt2.html)
26 Mercer Human Resource Consulting (2005). “Health benefit cost slows for a third year, rising just 6.1% in 2005”. News release, November 21. (www.mercerhr.com). Descargado el 28 de marzo de 2006.
27 El Consejo de Normas de Contabilidad Financiera (FASB) es la organización del sector privado que se encarga de establecer las normas contables y de notificación financiera que rigen la preparación de los infomes financieros.
28 Kaiser Family Foundation and Hewitt Associates (2005). “Prospects For Retiree Health Benefits As Medicare Prescription Drug Coverage Begins: Findings from the Kaiser/Hewitt 2005 Survey on Retiree Health Benefits”. December, p. 17. (http://www.kff.org/medicare/upload/7439.pdf) Descargado el 28 de marzo de 2006.
29 Hewitt Associates (1997). “Retiree Health Trends and Implications of Possible Medicare Reforms”. Prepared for the Kaiser Family Foundation, September. (www.kff.org/medicare/1318-retiree_r7.cfm)
30 Esta sección se adaptó de: Fronstin, Paul (2006) “Workers’ Health Insurance: Trends, Issues, and Options to Expand Coverage”. Commonwealth Fund pub. no. 908 (http://www.cmwf.org/usr_doc/Fronstin_workershltins_908.pdf).
31 Kaiser Family Foundation and Health Research and Educational Trust (2006). "Employer Health Benefits: 2006 Annual Survey". Exhibit 6.3 (www.kff.org/insurance/7527/upload/7527.pdf)
32 Ramthun, Roy and Kate Baiker (2006). “President Bush’s Health Savings Account Proposals”. Slides presented at Alliance for Health Reform briefing, March 10. (www.allhealth.org/briefingmaterials/Ramthun_BaickerPowerpoint-32.pdf)
33 S. A. Glied and D. K. Remler, The Effect of Health Savings Accounts on Health Insurance Coverage (New York: The Commonwealth Fund, Apr. 2005). http://www.cmwf.org/publications/publications_show.htm?doc_id=274002.
34 Kofman, Mila (2005). “Association Health Plans: Loss of State Oversight Means Regulatory Vacuum and More Fraud”. (http://ihcrp.georgetown.edu/ahp.html)
35 U.S. Congressional Budget Office, “Cost Estimate of Small Business Health Fairness Act of 2005” (Apr. 8, 2005). http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=6265&sequence=0.
36 Rossmann, Joseph E. (2006). “Health Care Coverage For Small Businesses: Challenges and Opportunities”. Testimony before the U.S. Senate Committee on Finance, April 6. (www.allhealth.org/briefingmaterials/JoeRossmanTestimony-117.pdf)
37 Kofman, Mila (2006). “Ideas for Making Health Insurance More Affordable for Small Businesses”. PowerPoint presentation at Alliance for Health Reform briefing April 24. (www.allhealth.org/briefingmaterials/KofmanPowerPoint-363.pdf)
38 www.JohnKerry.com (2006). “Health Care for All Americans”. July 31.

(www.johnkerry.com/pressroom/speeches/spc_2006_07_31.html)


39 Frist, William H. (2004). “Frist Addresses National Press Club: Summary of Key Health Proposals”. July 12. (http://frist.senate.gov/index.cfm?FuseAction=Speeches.Detail&Speech_id=97)
40 U.S. Congressional Budget Office, “Cost Estimate of Health Care Choice Act of 2005” (Sept. 12, 2005). http://www.cahi.org/cahi_contents/issues/CBOreporthr2355.pdf.
41 Communicating for Agriculture and the Self-Employed, Inc. (2005). “Comprehensive Health Insurance for High-risk Individuals: A state-by-state analysis”. (www.selfemployedcountry.org) Y actualización de la conversación personal con Karen Pollitz, Georgetown University Health Policy Institute, June 26, 2006.
42 L. Achman and D. Chollet, Insuring the Uninsurable: An Overview of State High-Risk Pools (New York: The Commonwealth Fund, Aug. 2001). http://www.cmwf.org/publications/publications_show.htm?doc_id=221291.
43 Massachusetts Executive Office of Health and Human Services (2006). “Romney Signs Landmark Health Insurance Bill”. News release. April 12. (www.mass.gov/?pageID=eohhs2newsandupdates&L=1&L0=Home&f=Home_more&sid=Eeohhs2#top)
44 Barry, Patricia (2006). “Coverage For All: Two State Have Enacted Universal Health Plans”. AARP Bulletin, July-August. (www.aarp.org/bulletin/yourhealth/health_care_for_all.html)
45 Massachusetts Executive Office of Health and Human Services (2006). “State Proposes Standards As Healthcare Reform Advances.” News release, June 20. (www.mass.gov/?pageID=eohhs2newsandupdates&L=1&L0=Home&f=Home_more&sid=Eeohhs2#top)
46 Barry, Patricia (2006). “Coverage For All: Two State Have Enacted Universal Health Plans”. AARP Bulletin, July-August.

(www.aarp.org/bulletin/yourhealth/health_care_for_all.html)


47 J. Rosenthal and C. Pernice, Designing Maine’s Dirigo Choice Benefit Plan (New York: The Commonwealth Fund, Dec. 2004).

http://www.cmwf.org/publications/publications_show.htm?doc_id=253634.


48 Rhode Island Department of Human Services, Rhode Island RIte Care and RIte Share Fact Sheet, Apr. 2005, http://www.dhs.state.ri.us/dhs/reports/rc_rs_fact_sheet_eng.pdf.
49 S. Silow-Carroll, E. Waldman, J. Meyer et al., Assessing State Strategies for Health Coverage Expansion: Case Studies of Oregon, Rhode Island, New Jersey, and Georgia (New York: The Commonwealth Fund, Feb. 2003), http://www.cmwf.org/publications/publications_show.htm?doc_id=229421


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