Terrorism in Spain



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SPN3224 Department of Spanish and Portuguese Studies Spring 2016

Terrorism in Spain

From Nineteenth-Century Anarchism to Twenty-First-Century Jihadism

Instructor: Francesc Morales Section: 043G

Office: 322 Yon Hall Office hours:

Telephone: fmorales1980@ufl.edu


Course Objectives and Goals


Terrorism is one of the most highly publicized forms of political violence, and at the same time it is one of the least understood political problems of the modern era. Spain is a country with a long history of terrorism that goes back to nineteenth century, and it is important to retain that terrorism is still one of the twentieth-century non-solved political problems in Spain (alongside with the territorial organization).

Every single form of terrorism has been present in Spain: from anarchist to jihadist, from separatist to governmental. Therefore, in this course we will deal with a phenomena in both local and global level. The student will learn how to deal with a complex topic like that, but at the same time having a most complete understanding of culture and politics of the contemporary world.


Calendar


Week

Topics

Assignments

1

Terrorism and political violence




2

Assassination in the anarchist terrorism

Asesinato y entierro de don José Canalejas (1912)

Sueiro Seoane



3

Spanish Maquis

El laberinto del fauno (2006)

Martínez Álvarez



4

ETA starts to kill

Operación Ogro (1979)

Redondo Neira



5


Right wing terrorism

Siete días de enero (1979)

Rodríguez Jiménez



6


The police force during the transition to democracy

El caso Almería (1983)

Fernández, “La acusación”



7

Dirty war against ETA

GAL (2006)

García


8

Two forms of ETA

El Lobo (2004)

Portell


9

Female presence in ETA

Yoyes (2000)

Rodríguez Lara



10

Anarchism under the Franco regime

Salvador (2006)

Domínguez Rama



11

The King of Spain as a target

Una bala para el Rey (2009)

Duva and Manresa



12

Satirized terrorism

Acción Mutante (1993)

Veres Cortés



13

Jihadist terrorism

No habrá paz para los malvados (2011)

Jordán


14

Basque conflict and dialog

La pelota vasca, la piel contra la piedra (2003)

Martínez


15

With me or against me

Asier ETA biok (2013)

Fernández, “Iñaki”




Evaluation and grades


The course will be based on visual culture about terrorism. Each week we will have a film related with a particular topic. There will be also a reading: a secondary or primary source related to the topic of that week as well.

The students have until twenty-four hours before class to send comments about the film and the reading. We are talking about 175 to 250 words about whatever related with the movie and readings assigned that week. The comments represent the 70% of the grade for that week, and because it is expected a debate on class, the 30% will come from the participation of the student on class. If you miss a class you can still have the possibility of getting the grade for the 70% of your comments.

There is no final exam for that course, but do we have a final essay. The essay will have an extension of 1,700 to 2,000 words, and the topic will be related with the course. Could be, for example, the biography of some terrorist, the comparison between countries (Spain and France, or United States and Spain, to give some examples), the narration of a specific event, etc. The date line for the academic essay will be the hour and day assigned for the final exam.

In summary, the class on its regular basis will represent the 75% of the total grade. The academic essay will be the 25% of the grade. All the assignments, essays, and debates will be in Spanish.


Required and Recommended resources


11-M, para que nadie lo olvide. Dir. Daniel Cebrián. Perf. Abdelatif Hwidar and Zoe Berriatúa. Telecinco, 2011. TV movie.

Acción Mutante. Dir. Álex de la Iglesia. Perf. Antonio Resines, Álex Angulo, and Frédérique Feder. CiBy 2000, 1993. Film.

Asier ETA biok. Dir. Aitor Merino and Amaia Merino. Doxa Producciones, 2013. Film.

Caracremada. Dir. Lluís Galter. Perf. Lluís Soler, Domènec Bautista, and Aina Calpe. Mallerich Films, 2010. Film.

Comando Txikia: Muerte de un presidente. Dir. José Luis Madrid. Perf. Juan Luis Galiardo, Paul Naschy, and Tony Isbert. Servi Films, 1976. Film.

Domínguez Rama, Ana. “Salvador (Puig Antich) en el Viejo Mundo: Algunas consideraciones históricas respecto a su recuperación mediática.” Hispania Nova 7 (2007). Web.

Duva, Jesús, and Andreu Manresa. “ETA preparaba un atentado contra el rey en Palma.” El País 10 Aug. 1995. Web.

El diputado. Dir. Eloy de la Iglesia. Perf. José Sacristán, María Luisa San José, and José Luis Alonso. Figaro Films, 1978. Film.

El Lobo. Dir. Miguel Courtois. Perf. Eduardo Noriega, José Coronado, Mélanie Doutey, and Silvia Abascal. Mundo Ficción, 2004. Film.

El viaje de Arián. Dir. Eduard Bosch. Perf. Ingrid Rubio, Silvia Munt, and Abel Folk. Montjuïc Entertainment, 2000. Film.

Fènix 11·23. Dir. Joel Joan and Sergi Lara. Perf. Nil Cardoner, Rosa Gàmiz, Àlex Casanovas, and Lluís Villanueva. Arriska Films, 2011. Film.

Fernández, Juan. “Iñaki Rekarte: ‘Maté en nombre de ETA sin que me importara la independencia de Euskadi’.” El Periódico 17 May 2015. Web.

Fernández, Julio. “La acusación particular en el sumario de Almería pide que se inspeccione otro acuartelamiento de la Guardia Civil.” El País 10 July 1981. Web.

García, Javier. “La guerra sucia contra ETA comenzó tras el asesinato del expresidente de Gobierno Luis Carrero Blanco.” El País 6 Jan. 1984. Web.



Gary Cooper, que estás en los cielos... Dir. Pilar Miró. Perf. Mercedes Sampietro, Jon Finch, Carmen Maura, and Agustín González. Incine, 1981. Film.

Garzón, Baltasar. La fuerza de la razón. Barcelona: Debate, 2011. Print and DVD.



Goma-2. Dir. José Antonio de la Loma. Perf. Jorge Rivero, Margaux Hemingway, Lee Van Cleef, Willie Aames, Richard Jaeckel, and Ana Obregón. Golden Sun, 1984. Film.

González Calleja, Eduardo. La razón de la fuerza: Orden público, subversión y violencia política en la España de la Restauración (1875–1917). Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1998. Print.

---. “Sobre el concepto de represión.” Hispania Nova 6 (2006). Web.

Hobsbawm, Eric. The Age of Extremes: A History of the World, 1914–1991. New York: Random House, 1996. Print.

Hyde, Margaret O., and Elizabeth H. Forsyth. Terrorism: A Special Kind of Violence. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1987. Print.

Jordán, Javier. “Terrorismo yihadista en España: Origen, objetivos y estructura.” Circuns-tancia 7.18 (2009). Web.



La muerte de Mikel. Dir. Imanol Uribe. Perf. Imanol Arias, Amaia Lasa, and Montserrat Salvador. Aiete Films, 1983. Film.

La noche más larga. Dir. José Luis García Sánchez. Perf. Juan Echanove, Carmen Conesa, and Juan Diego. Iberoamericana Films Internacional, 1991. Film.

La pelota vasca, la piel contra la piedra. Dir. Julio Médem. Alicia Produce, 2003. Film.

Laqueur, Walter. A History of Terrorism. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2001. Print.



Luna de lobos. Dir. Julio Sánchez Valdés. Perf. Santiago Ramos, Antonio Resines, Álvaro de Luna, Kiti Mánver, and Fernando Vivanco. Brezal P. C., 1987. Film.

Maquetas. Dir. Carlos Vermut. Perf. Petra del Rey, Rubén Fernández, and Arantxa Peña. 2009. Short film.

Martínez Álvarez, Josefina. “Las películas sobre el maquis español: de la historia oficial a la memoria histórica.” Cuadernos de Historia Contemporánea 34 (2012): 225–50. PDF file.

Martínez, Isabel C. “Imaz apela a buscar el consenso mientras Ibarretxe ve imprescindible la consulta.” El País 1 Oct. 2007. Web.

No habrá paz para los malvados. Dir. Enrique Urbizu. Perf. José Coronado, Rodolfo Sancho, Helena Miquel, and Juanjo Artero. Lazona Films, 2011. Film.

Operación Ogro. Dir. Gillo Pontecorvo. Perf. Gian Maria Volonté, José Sacristán, Ángela Molina, and Eusebio Poncela. Action Film, 1979. Film.

Portell, José María. “ETA Político-Militar critica el terrorismo de ETA Militar.” La Vanguardia 14 Oct. 1977: 13. Print.

Redondo Neira, Fernando. “Escrituras fílmicas en el escenario de la Transición: En torno a la legitimidad de la lucha armada.” Historia y Comunicación Social 19 (2014): 341–50. PDF file.

Rodríguez Jiménez, José Luis. “Origen, desarrollo y disolución de Fuerza Nueva (una aproximación al estudio de la extrema derecha española).” Revista de Estudios Políticos 73 (1991): 261–87. Print.

Rodríguez Lara, Zuriñe. “Las mujeres de ETA en la prensa escrita.” Mediatika 14 (2013): 151–67. PDF file.

Romanos Fraile, Eduardo. “Emociones, identidad y represión: el activismo anarquista durante el franquismo.” Reis 134 (2011): 87–106. Web.



Salvador. Dir. Manuel Huerga. Perf. Daniel Brühl, Tristán Ulloa, Leonardo Sbaraglia, and Leonor Watling. MediaPro, 2006. Film.

Siete días de enero. Dir. Juan Antonio Bardem. Perf. Manuel Angel Egea, Madeleine Robinson, Virginia Mataix, and Jacques François. 1979. Film.

Sueiro Seoane, Susana. “El terrorismo anarquista en la literatura española.” Espacio, Tiempo y Forma 20 (2008): 37–69. PDF file.



Terroristas. Dir. Antonio Gonzalo. Perf. Maite Irache, Ángel Pardo, and Mario Pardo. Arcofón, 1987. Film.

Tiro en la cabeza. Dir. Jaime Rosales. Perf. Ion Arretxe, Iñigo Royo, Jaione Otxone, Ana Vila, and Asun Arretxe. Fresdeval Films, 2008. Film.

Una bala para el rey. Dir. Pablo Barrera. Perf. Carlos Blanco, Víctor Clavijo, and Eduardo Mayo. Antena 3, 2009. TV mini-series.

Veres Cortés, Luis. “La simbiosis del terrorismo con los medios de comunicación.” Información para la paz: autocrítica de los medios y responsabilidad del público. Valencia: Fundación COSO, 2005. 583–601. Print.



Yoyes. Dir. Helena Taberna. Perf. Ana Torrent, Ernesto Alteiro, and Florence Pernel. CIPI Cinematográfica, 2000. Film.

Grade Scale


The grade scale for classes in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese Studies is as follows:

A = 100-93 C(S) = 76-73

A- = 92-90 C-(U) = 72-70

B+ = 89-87 D+ = 69-67

B = 86-83 D = 66-63

B- = 82-80 D- = 62-60

C+ = 79-77 E = 59-0



NOTE: A grade of C- will not be a qualifying grade for major, minor, Gen Ed, Gordon Rule or Basic Distribution Credit courses. For further information regarding passing grades and grade point equivalents, please refer to the Undergraduate Catalog at https://catalog.ufl.edu/ugrad/current/regulations/info/grades.aspx.

Course Evaluations


Students are expected to provide feedback on the quality of instruction in this course based on 10 criteria. These evaluations are conducted online at https://evaluations.ufl.edu. Evaluations are typically open during the last two or three weeks of the semester, but students will be given specific times when they are open. Summary results of these assessments are available to students at https://evaluations.ufl.edu/results.

Attendance and Make-Ups


Requirements for class attendance and make-up exams, assignments, and other work in this course are consistent with university policies that can be found in the online catalog at: https://catalog.ufl.edu/ugrad/current/regulations/info/attendance.aspx.

Academic Integrity


All students are required to abide by the Academic Honesty Guidelines of the University. The UF Honor Code reads: “We, the members of the University of Florida community, pledge to hold ourselves and our peers to the highest standards of honesty and integrity.” On all work submitted for credit by students at the University of Florida, the following pledge is either required or implied: “On my honor, I have neither given nor received unauthorized aid in doing this assignment.” For more information please refer to http://www.dso.ufl.edu/studentguide.

Accommodations


Students requesting classroom accommodation must first register with the Dean of Students Office. The Dean of Students Office will provide documentation to the student who must then provide this documentation to the Instructor when requesting accommodation. For more information see http://www.dso.ufl.edu/drc.

Counseling and Wellness


A variety of counseling, mental health and psychiatric services are available through the UF Counseling and Wellness Center, whose goal is to help students be maximally effective in their academic pursuits by reducing or eliminating emotional, psychological, and interpersonal problems that interfere with academic functioning. The Center can be found online at http://www.counseling.ufl.edu/cwc or reached by phone at 392-1575.


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