The perfectly perfect imperfect



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THE PERFECTLY PERFECT IMPERFECT

THE IMPERFECT IS “THE OTHER PAST TENSE” IN SPANISH. WE’LL GET INTO ALL THE FUN DETAILS IN A SECOND, BUT TO FORM THE IMPERFECT OF REGULAR “-AR” VERBS, DROP THE “AR” AND ADD THE FOLLOWING:



JUGAR = TO PLAYimage result for nadie es perfecto
YO JUGABA. NOSOTROS JUGÁBAMOS.

I USED TO PLAY. NOSOTRAS JUGÁBAMOS.



WE USED TO PLAY.
TÚ JUGABAS.

YOU USED TO PLAY.
ÉL JUGABA. ELLOS JUGABAN.

ELLA JUGABA. ELLAS JUGABAN.



HE/SHE USED TO PLAY. THEY USED TO PLAY.
UD. JUGABA. UDS. JUGABAN.

YOU USED TO PLAY. Y’ALL USED TO PLAY.



(FORMAL)


TO FORM THE IMPERFECT OF REGULAR “-ER” AND “-IR” VERBS, DROP THE “ER” OR “IR” AND ADD THE FOLLOWING:




COMER = TO EAT
YO COMÍA. NOSOTROS COMÍAMOS.

I USED TO EAT. NOSOTRAS COMÍAMOS.

WE USED TO EAT.
TÚ COMÍAS.

YOU USED TO EAT.
ÉL COMÍA. ELLOS COMÍAN.

ELLA COMÍA. ELLAS COMÍAN.

HE/SHE USED TO EAT. THEY USED TO EAT.
UD. COMÍA. UDS. COMÍAN.

YOU USED TO EAT. Y’ALL USED TO EAT.



(FORMAL)
THE IRREGULARS!! 
IR = TO GO SER= TO BE
YO IBA YO ERA

IBAS ERAS

ÉL, ELLA, UD. IBA ÉL, ELLA, UD. ERA

NOSOTROS/AS ÍBAMOS NOSOTROS/AS ÉRAMOS

ELLOS/AS, UDS. IBAN ELLOS/AS, UDS. ERAN

VER = TO SEE; TO WATCH
YO VEÍA

VEÍAS

ÉL, ELLA, UD. VEÍA NOSOTROS/AS VEÍAMOS ELLOS/AS, UDS. VEÍAN

PRETERITE v. IMPERFECT


  1. So, when is it that I use the preterite??


The simplest answer is: BAM!

Huh? Yeah, a simple past action with a beginning and an end. http://biosci.unl.edu/bam%20logo.png

For example:
Last night, we went to the movies.

Anoche, fuimos al cine.
Yesterday, I ate pizza with my friends.

Ayer, yo comí pizza con mis amigos.


  1. And when is it that I use the imperfect?

abe2


  1. To talk about what you and others USED TO DO. In other

words, to talk about how things used to be back in the day.

For example :


When I was a kid, I always played Monopoly with my family.

Cuando era niño, siempre jugaba Monopoly con mi familia.

En aquellos tiempos tenía que caminar 40



millas a la escuela, cuesta arriba de ida Y

VUELTA, descalzo en la nieve…y una

Coca-Cola sólo costaba 5 centavos.


  1. An interrupted past action. In other words, “was/were

_______ing”. For example:http://ec.l.thumbs.canstockphoto.com/canstock5914566.jpg
I was watching the movie when the phone rang.

Yo veía la película cuando sonó el teléfono.

We were studying in the library when María vomited.



Nosotros estudiábamos en la biblioteca cuando María vomitó.
“CUANDO” (WHEN) AND “MIENTRAS” (WHILE) ARE COMMON WORDS THAT LEAD TO AN INTERRUPTED PAST ACTION.
NOTE THAT IN EACH OF THESE EXAMPLES, THE VERB THAT FOLLOWS IS IN

THE PRETERITE!




  1. Background information. In other words, the extraneous

info that leads into the main point of a statement. It often

takes the form of a detail about the weather or a time… any

background details leading to the main point. For example:
It was 2:20, so all the students ran home right away.

Eran las 2:20, así que todos los estudiantes corrieron a casa de una vez.
It was really sunny out, so we decided to go to the beach.

Hacía mucho sol, así que decimos ir a la playa.
NOTE THAT IN EACH OF THESE EXAMPLES, THE VERB THAT PERTAINS TO THE MAIN POINT OF THE SENTENCE IS IN THE PRETERITE!

A condition at the time the story is being told is often background information as well. For example:http://www.orlandochiropractor.com/sites/default/files/pictures/car-crash-cartoon.gif


Mom was furious because we crashed the car.

Mamá estaba furiosa porque chocamos el carro.

SO, WHAT IS OUR ULTIMATE GOAL WITH THIS?? TO BE ABLE TO TELL A STORY IN THE PAST… SWERVING BETWEEN THE PRETERITE AND IMPEFECT AS NECESSARY!


TALK TO YOUR GRANPARENTS THIS WEEKEND BECAUSE, ON MONDAY/TUESDAY, YOU’RE GOING TO BE TELLING A STORY IN SPANISH…


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