Verbs and tenses



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1VERBS AND TENSES

  1. Both English and French ARE SPOKEN in Canada.

  2. I WAS HAVING breakfast when the telephone rang.

  3. I hope John WILL BUY the tickets for the concert.

  4. I HAVE NEVER SEEN (never) such a bad film.

  5. I put the light on so that they COULD SEE better.

  6. I thought you HAD DONE your exam.

  7. I wish I WERE a rich person

  8. I wouldn't have failed if I HADEN’T STUDIES for the exam.

  9. I'll stay at home if it IS cold tomorrow.

  10. If John had written the story he WOULD HAVE a prize.

  11. If you went to London, you WOULD CERTAINLY SPEAK (certainly) English.

  12. It isn't worth SPENDING so much money on this project.

  13. Julius Caesar WAS KILLED by Brutus.

  14. Look at the clouds! It IS GOING TO RAIN very soon.

  15. Mary has decided TO APPLY for a new job.

  16. Mr Towers got up as soon as the alarm-clock WENT OFF / RANG in the morning.

  17. Our teacher doesn't let us SPEAK in class.

  18. She HAS LIVED / HAS BEEN LIVING in Toro for the last five years.

  19. That book is too long for me TO READ in only one month.

  20. The children ARE PLAYING in the playground now.

  21. (The secretary) HAS THE SECRETARY TYPED the document?

  22. They (just) HAD JUST LEFT the road when I saw them.

  23. They COULD HAVE WON the prize, but they didn't.

  24. We ought TO HELP poor people.

  25. What language (people) DO PEOPLE SPEAK in China?

  26. What (you) WOULD YOU DO if you were rich?

  27. When I went into the cinema, the film (already) HAD ALREADY BEGUN

  28. Will you make me a sweater if I GIVE you the wool?

  29. Would you mind IF I CAME back tomorrow?

  30. You (ever) HAVE YOU EVER BEEN to the United States?

  31. By the time we arrived theY (EAT) HAD EATEN all the strawberries.

  32. When I got to the restaurant I suddenly (NOT/FEEL) WASN’T FEELING hungry.

  33. He was completely out of breath as he (RUN) HAD BEEN RUNNING all the way from his house to the station.

  34. The children were in high spirits as they (just/FINISH) HAD JUST FINISHED their exams.

  35. When the old man (GET UP) GOT UP to speak everyone applauded.

  36. They were chatting as if they (KNOW) HAD KNOWN each other all their lives.

  37. She wasn't frightened when she saw his cut. She (SEE) HAD SEEN blood many times before.

  38. When she (HEAR) HEARD her come through the door she jumped in surprise.


CHANGE THE WORDS IN BRACKETS SO THEY FIT IN THE SENTENCE.
It was an (AMUSE) AMUSING story, but he felt (DISGUST) DISGUSTED by it. He was very (WORRY) WORRIED about the (ADVENTURE) ADVENTUROUS nature of his only son, who had (RESPONSIBLE) IRRESPONSIBLY announced two days before his immediate departure to Bosnia. Only a month before he had told us about his (INTEND) INTENTION to go there. He was quite (PACIENCE) IMPATIENT to do something, because he thought he could be (HELP) HELPFUL. (ACTUAL) ACTUALLY he had done some (SCIENCE) SCIENTIFIC research in that field, and although I must say he is rather (CARE) CARELESS he's been in (RISK) RISKY situations more than once and doesn't mind (DANGER) ENDANGERING his life, I have to say that he is very (PRACTICE) PRACTICAL and not (ANXIETY) ANXIOUS at all when it comes to work.
COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH THE CORRECT FORM OF THE WORD IN CAPITALS
1.- The hotel is so full we'll have to make alternative (ARRANGE) ARRANGEMENTS

2.- Is March 15th a (SUIT) SUITABLE date for everyone?

3.- If he is proved to be (HONESTY) DISHONEST he will lose his job.

4.- The amount of luggage she brought is (BELIEVE) UNBELIEVABLE

5.- It was very (THINK) THOUGHTFUL of you to bring flowers.

REWRITE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES

1.- I ran two miles. Afterwards I felt tired.

After RUNNING TWO MILES I FELT TIRED

AFTER I HAD RUN TWO MILES ...

2.- The moment I saw her I knew she'd been crying.

As soon as I SAW HER I KNEW ...

3.- I was watching TV downstairs. Meanwhile, a burglar broke in upstairs.

While I WAS WATCHING TV DOWNSTAIRS A BURGLAR BROKE ...

4.- Would you like to join me for a meal?

Do you fancy JOINING ME FOR A MEAL?

5.- Would you like me to do the washing up?

I'll DO THE WASHING UP, SHALL I?

6.- I dropped my wallet somewhere. I only realised this when I got home.

When I got home I realised I HAD DROPPED MY WALLET SOMEWHERE

7.- Whenever I smell newly-baked bread, I think of my mother.

The smell OF NEWLY-BAKED BREAD REMINDS ME OF MY MOTHER

8.- I used to take the dog for a walk every day when I was little

I remember TAKING THE DOG FOR A WALK ...


DURING/FOR/WHILE

complete these sentences with during, for or while and the past simple of the verbs
DURING the summer, I (get) GOT a job at a holiday camp. I (work) WORKED there FOR two months and I (have) HAD a really good time. WHILE I (be) WASthere, I (meet) MET some interesting people and (make) MADE some new friends. DURING the day, I (clean) CLEANED the rooms. Every afternoon, I (have) HAD a break FOR two hours. I (look) AFTER after the children DURING the evening WHILE their parents (be) WERE out.
FOR/SINCE/AGO/DURING/FROM-TO

  1. I have not seen you SINCE January

  2. We have been here FOR two hours

  3. Have Americans fought any war SINCE WWII.

  4. Columbus discovered America more than 400 years AGO

  5. My friend has not written to me FOR ages

  6. I have lived in Bath FOR 5 years

  7. They have lived in Hastings SINCE 1975

  8. My parents haven't sent me any money SINCE last month

  9. Peter has not eaten any caviar SINCE he was last in Moscow

  10. I have known this FOR a long time

  11. How long AGO did she do it?

  12. They have been ringing up continually SINCE lunch time

  13. There was a storm last night; it was raining FOR 3 or 4 hours

  14. We usually go to Edinburgh FROM June TO September

  15. My aunt was in hospital FOR three weeks during the winter


Complete these sentences with the following words

then after later during finally eventually

Nicole Joseph left school at the age of 18 and THEN studied geography at Cardiff University, he had several jobs in local government. SINCE that time, he studied part time and EVENTUALLY became an engineer in 1986. A few years LATER Nicole got a job at East Sussex County Council as an Assistant Engineer. AFTER several promotions, Nicole has FINALLY become the Senior Principal Engineer for Highways.



Complete these sentences with the following words

much, many, enough, a lot of

DAD: Have you got A LOT OF studying to do during your vacation, Jeff?

JEFF: No, we haven’t got MUCH. It’s great!

DAD: And how MANY weeks will you be at home this summer?

JEFF: About ten. The problem is that I’ve got A LOT OF time but I haven’t got ENOUGH money to have a holiday abroad. There are MANY countries I want to see - India, China, Australia.

DAD: Not MANY students have got ENOUGH to go to those countries. But perhaps you’ve got ENOUGH to go to Western Europe or America. It doesn’t cost MUCH for students to fly to America if you go to an agency.

JEFF: Yes, I think I’ve got ENOUGH for that. That’s a good idea.


FINALES E INFINITIVOS




  1. Era imposible abrir la puerta

the door was impossible to open

It was impossible to open the door

  1. Ese ejercicio no fue fácil de hacer

THAT EXERCISE WASN’T EASY TO DO

  1. Él fue a Londres a ver a sus amigos

GE WENT TO LONDON (IN ORDER) TO SEE HIS FRIENDS

  1. Vinimos pronto para coger buenos sitios

WE CAME EARLY (IN ORDER) TO GET GOOD SEATS

  1. Me gustaría ayudarte con tus deberes

I’D LIKE TO HELP YOU DO YOUR HOMEWORK

WITH YOUR HOMEWORK



  1. Ella está demasiado débil para viajar

SHE IS TOO WEAK TO TRAVEL

  1. No queremos que se canse

WE DON’T WANT HIM TO TIRE (=TO GET TIRED)

  1. Es fácil de recordar

HE IS EASY TO REMEMBER

  1. Queremos que él estudie en Zamora

WE WANT HIM TO STUDY IN ZAMORA

  1. Necesito que hagas esto por mí

I NEED YOU TO DO THIS FOR ME

  1. Me gustaría que pensaras en un número

I’D LIKE YOU TO THINK UP A NUMBER

  1. Quiere que haga eso

HE WANTS YOU TO DO THAT

  1. Pregúntale por su padre

ASK HIM ABOUT HIS FATHER

  1. Me avisaron que no tocara nada

THEY WARNED ME NOT TO TOUCH ANYTHING

  1. Me pidió que no se lo dijera a nadie

HE ASKED ME NOT TO TELL ANYBODY

  1. Quiero que sea una sorpresa

I WANT IT TO BE A SURPRISE

  1. Salí a echar la carta

I WENT OUT TO POST A LETTER

  1. Estos ejercicios no son para hacerlos en casa

THESE EXERCISES AREN’T TO BE DONE AT HOME

TO DO AT HOME



  1. No estás lo suficientemente calmado para ir al combate

YOU AREN’T CALM ENOUGH TO GO TO WAR

  1. Lo han escondido para que no lo veas

THEY HAVE HIDDEN IT SO YOU WON’T SEE IT

IN ORDER FOR YOU NOT TO SEE IT (not very common)

SO THAT YOU CAN’T SEE IT


  1. Olvide decirle a Mr. Jones lo del informe

I FORGOT TO TELL Mr JONES ABOUT THE REPORT

  1. Fuimos al bar a tomar una copa

WE WENT TO THE BAR FOR A DRINK

TO HAVE A DRINK



  1. Deberíamos escribirle para que no piense que le hemos olvidado

WE SHOULD WRITE TO HIM SO HE WON’T THINK WE’VE FORGOTTEN HIM

  1. No dijo dónde iba para no preocuparla

HE DIDN’T SAY WHERE HE WAS GOING SO AS NOT TO GET HER WORRIED

THAT SHE DIDN’T WORRY



  1. Ella aprendió a escribir a máquina para ayudar a su marido en su trabajo

SHE LEARNT TYPING IN ORDER TO HELP HER HUSBAND IN HIS JOB

  1. Es muy pesado para que lo levantes

IT IS TOO HEAVY FOR YOU TO LIFT

  1. Entró silenciosamente para no despertar a su esposa

HE ENTERED QUIETLY SO AS NOT TO WAKE HER WIFE

THAT HER WIFE WOULDN’T WAKE



  1. Es tarde para que vayamos

IT IS TOO LATE FOR US TO GO

  1. Él fue a Amsterdam a comprar diamantes

HE WENT TO AMSTRERDAM (IN ORDER) TO BUY DIAMONDS

  1. Me gustaría que me hicieras un favor

I’D LIKE YOU TO DO ME A FAVOR

  1. Ella salió pronto de la oficina para estar en casa cuando él llegara

SHE LEFT THE OFFICE EARLY (IN ORDER) TO BE HOME WHEN HE ARRIVED

  1. Quiero que salgas de aquí

I WANT YOU TO LEAVE / TO GET OUT OF HERE

  1. Voy a levantarMe pronto para no llegar tarde

I’M GOING TO GET UP EARLY (IN ORDER) NOT TO BE LATE

  1. Cogí la raqueta para poder jugar el fin de semana

I TOOK THE RACKET TO BE ABLE TO PLAY THAT WEEKEND

SO THAT I COULD PLAY …



  1. Fui al colegio para ver al profesor Taylor

I WENT TO THE SCHOOL TO TALK TO PROFFESOR TAYLOR

  1. Él fue a Francia a aprender francés

HE WENT TO FRANCE (IN ORDER) TO LEARN FRENCH

  1. Es importante que estés preparado el viernes

IT IS IMPORTANT THAT YOU ARE READY ON FRIDAY

IT IS IMPORTANT FOR YOU TO BE READY …



  1. Estuvimos en casa esperando a que vinieran

WE STAYED AT HOME, WAITING FOR THEM TO COME

  1. Me gusta que mi boli escriba suave

I’D LIKE MY BALLPEN TO WRITE SMOOTH(LY)

  1. Hice el agujero para poder pasar

I MADE THE HOLE TO BE ABLE TO GO THROUGH

  1. Estuvo allí para comprarlo

HE WAS THERE TO CHECK IT OUT

  1. Subió rápidamente para cogerlo

HE WENT UP QUICK TO PICK IT UP

  1. Es pronto para salir

IT IS TOO EARLY TO GO OUT / LEAVE

  1. Paró un momento para que ella descansara

HE STOPPED FOR A MOMENT SO THAT SHE HAD A REST

COULD REST



  1. Hablaban en susurros para que yo no les oyera

THEY WHISPERED SO THEY WOULDN’T BE OVERHEARD

THE OTHERS DIDN’T/WOULDN’T OVERHEAR THEM



  1. Apagó la luz para no gastar electricidad

HE SWITCHED THE LIGHTS OFF (IN ORDER) NOT TO USE ELECTRICITY

  1. Se dejó la barba para que nadie lo reconociera

HE GREW A BEARD SO NOBODY COULD RECOGNIZE HIM

HE COULDN’T BE RECOGNIZED



  1. Los franceses conquistaron Córcega para que Napoleón pudiera nacer francés

THE FRENCH CONQUERED CORSICA SO NAPOLEON COULD BE BORN FRENCH






LINK THESE PAIRS OF SENTENCES IN AS MANY WAYS AS YOU CAN STILL EXPRESS PURPOSE (NOT CAUSE)


  1. I went to the bank. I needed to change some money.

I went to the bank in order to change some money.

  1. He is going to hospital next month. He is going to have an operation

HE’S GOING TO HOSPITAL NEXT MONTH (IN ORDER) TO HAVE AN OPERATION

  1. We wore warm clothes. We didn't want to get cold.

WE WORE WARM CLOTHES NOT TO GET COLD

  1. There will be a meeting next month. There has to be a solution to the problem.

THERE’LL BE A MEETING NEXT MONTH IN ORDER TO FIND A SOLUTION ...

  1. Please arrive early. We want to be able to start the meeting on time.

PLEASE ARRIVE EARLY SO THAT WE’LL BE ABLE TO START ...

  1. Tom didn't have enough energy. He didn't climb the mountain.

TOM DIDN’T HAVE ENOUGH MONEY TO CLIMB ...

  1. I slowed down. I wanted the car behind to be able to overtake.

I SLOWED DOWN SO THAT THE CAR BEHIND COULD OVERTAKE

I SLOWED DOWN TO ALLOW THE CAR BEHIND TO OVERTAKE



  1. We are having a party. Tomorrow is Ann's birthday.

WE’RE HAVING A PARTY TOMORROW TO CELEBRATE ANN’S B-DAY

  1. I whispered. I 'didn't want anybody to hear our conversation.

I WHISPERED SO THAT NOBODY COULD OVERHEAR ...

I WHISPERED SO I WOULDN’T BE OVERHEARD.



  1. She locked the door. She didn't want to be bothered.

SHE LOCKED THE DOOR IN ORDER NOT TO BE BOTHERED


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